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The article looks at a mechanism of the interphase selection of charges during the spontaneous crystallization of the diluted aqueous solutions of electrolytes. A model of the Workman-Reynolds effect for the deep supercooling of dilute aqueous solutions of electrolytes is developed. This model takes into account specific physical properties of the thin boundary layer at the crystallization front and the dependence of distribution coefficients on solute cations and anions vs. front velocity. Estimates of freezing potentials have good agreement with the experimental data.

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UDC

УДК 539.37:537.221

Pages

6-9

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