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Bishop and power relations in Soviet Union by example of serving of Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov) in 1948–1958

Annotation

The nature of the relations of Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov) and authorities of the Council for Russian Orthodox Church Affairs during Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov) work in the Latvian, Rostov and Saratov dioceses of the Russian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) is considered. During this period Metropolitan Benjamin interacted with seven authorized by the Council with whom he built his work. Everywhere and invariably Metropolitan insisted on non-interference of the state in internal church issues. At the same time he has declared full compliance with applicable laws and all orders of the existing authorities. Metropolitan Benjamin was firm in matter of non-participation in political actions, which were undertaken by the state. Нe openly preached from the pulpit Christian values, his desire to increase the number of parishes and to strengthen the moral character of the clergy in his dioceses lead to that “church activity” of Metropolitan Benjamin became intolerable for the authorities. As a result in 1958 the Council for Russian Orthodox Church Affairs rigidly set before Patriarch Alexis (Simansky) the issue of dismissal of Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov) on rest.

Keywords

Russian Orthodox Church; Church-state relation; Patriarch Alexis I; metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov); metropolitan Nicholas (Yarushevich); Affairs’ Council of Russian Orthodox Church

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UDC

281.93+947.084

Pages

167-176

References

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Received

2013-12-26

Section of issue

History and political science

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