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Illegal trade of alcohol in Russian village of late 19th – early 20th century

Annotation

The illegal sale of alcoholic beverages in the Russian village of the late 19th – early 20th century is considered. Source base study was various comments from the public authorities, petitions rural societies, verbatim records of the meetings of State Duma, reports agencies, questionnaires and statistical data, memoirs. The growth of illegal trade in alcohol in wine monopoly period (1895–1914) is disclosed, which was due to formal opposition to this phenomenon by the state, as well as the loyal attitude to the peasantry Illegal trade in alcohol. The favorable environment for doing Illegal trade in alcohol contributed to its spread as a relatively easy way to improve economic affairs. In turn, the emergence of several points in the village of illegal sale of wine is undoubtedly a factor stimulating the consumption of alcohol.

Keywords

illegal trade in alcohol; wine monopoly; Great Russian peasantry

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UDC

947.081/083:381.19

Pages

151-157

References

1. Entsiklopedicheskiy slovar' Brokgauza i Efrona: v 86 t. SPb., 1895. T. 16. 2. Litvak K.B. Samogonovarenie i potreblenie alkogolya v rossiyskoy derevne 1920-kh godov // Otechestvennaya istoriya. 1992. № 4. S. 74-89. 3. Fridman M.I. Vinnaya monopoliya: v 2 t. Pg., 1916. T. 2. 4. GARF (Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Rossiyskoy Federatsii). F. 102. Op. 112. Ed. khr. 90. 5. Voronov D.N. Alkogolizm v gorode i derevne v svyazi s bytom naseleniya. Obsledovanie potrebiteley vina v Penzenskoy gubernii v 1912 g. Penza, 1913. 6. Ozerov I.Kh. Na temy dnya. K ekonomicheskomu polozheniyu Rossii. M., 1912. 7. Prilozheniya k stenograficheskim otchetam Gosudarstvennoy Dumy. Tretiy sozyv. Ses-siya 1. 1907–1908 gg. Spb., 1908. 8. RGIA (Rossiyskiy gosudarstvennyy istoricheskiy arkhiv). F. 575. Op. 6. Ed. khr. 827. 9. Sokolov N.S. Mery bor'by s p'yanstvom po proektu Gosudarstvennoy dumy i ministerstva finansov // Trudy Pervogo Vserossiyskogo s"ezda po bor'be s p'yanstvom: v 3 t. Spb., 1910. T. 2. S. 887-892. 10. Rozhdestvenskiy I.I. K voprosu o p'yanstve v zemledel'cheskoy derevne. M., 1914. 11. Dmitriev V.K. Kriticheskie issledovaniya o potreblenii alkogolya v Rossii. M., 2001. 12. Pervushin S.A. Opyt teorii massovogo alkogolizma v svyazi s teoriey potrebnostey. Spb., 1912. 13. Astyrev N.M. V volostnykh pisaryakh. Ocherki krest'yanskogo samoupravleniya. M., 1896. 14. Severyanin. Bor'ba s alkogolizmom // Russkie vedomosti. 1907. № 288. 15. Chernevskiy V.A. K voprosu o p'yanstve vo Vladimirskoy gubernii i sposobakh bor'by s nim. Vladimir, 1911. 16. Gosudarstvennaya Duma. Tretiy sozyv. Stenograficheskie otchety. Sessiya pervaya. Spb., 1908. 17. Odobrennyy Gosudarstvennoyu Dumoyu zakonoproekt o merakh bor'by s p'yanstvom (ob izmenenii i dopolnenii nekotorykh, otnosyashchikhsya k prodazhe krepkikh napitkov, postanovleniy) // Chelyshev M.D. Rechi, proiznesennye v Tret'ey Gosudarstvennoy Dume, o neobkhodimosti bor'by s p'yanstvom i po drugim voprosam. Spb., 1912. S. 690-701.

Received

2013-12-20

Section of issue

History and political science

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