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Taijiquan – basic system style complex of “soft”, “internal” direction of martial arts of East

Annotation

The historical peculiarities of styles of “soft”, “inner” (nei-pai) direction of martial arts of China is considered. The influence of Daoism – one of the most popular religious and philosophical trends in China with his idea of perpetual motion expressed in mutual transitions of forces of Yin and Yang (the life and death, light and darkness, heat and cold, good and evil, motion and rest, solid and soft) – on the development of three classic “inner” styles of taijiquan, bagua zhang, xingyi quan is shown. It is concluded that the rise of mystified Taoist cosmology, its application areas (alchemy, magic, etc.), and the rapid growth of wushu schools on the basis of Taoist monasteries resulted in the formation of a new “soft” areas of martial arts. The creators of “soft” Chinese martial arts lined up their technical arsenal, trying to master the hidden resources management of the human body, to develop and bring them to a higher energy functional level.

Keywords

styles; schools of “soft” (nei-pai) direction; Daoism; taijiquan, bagua-zhang; xingyi quan

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UDC

94(510)+796.85

Pages

177-183

References

1. Malyavin V.V. Sumerki Dao. Kul'tura Kitaya na poroge Novogo vremeni. M., 2003. 2. Yan Tszyun'min. Znamenitye stili tsigun. Tay-tszi-tsigun / per. s angl. M. Chebotareva. K., 1998. 3. Leykin S.F. Daosskaya praktika i meditsinskie idei v praktike «Taypin Tszin» // Literatura i kul'tura narodov Vostoka. M., 1991. S. 98-113. 4. Dolin A.A., Popov G.V. Traditsii u-shu. M., 1989. 5. Yan Tszyun'min. Osnovy shaolin'skogo stilya “Belyy Zhuravl'”: boevaya sila i tsigun / per. s angl.; pod red. A. Kostenko. K., 1998. 6. Maslov A.A. Taynyy kod kitayskogo kun-fu. Rostov n/D, 2006.

Received

2013-09-16

Section of issue

History and political science

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