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“Imperialistic” or “Second Patriotic war”? National historians about nature of First World War for Russia

Annotation

The article analyzes the views of national historians on the nature of the First World War and its role in the destiny of Russia. During the rush of research of interest to the history even 1914–1918 it seems necessary generalization of historiography experience. The author singles out the main approaches to the study of the First world war in pre-revolutionary, Soviet and post-Soviet historical science. The question of the relationship and content of concepts “imperialist war” and “Patriotic war” for different generations of historians are considered. In the views of historians-contemporaries of the war various areas of social and political thought at the beginning of 20th century are reflected. Soviet interpretation of the First World War, despite the ideologically defined scope, underwent changes. The author dwells more on the concepts of modern historians, draws attention to the diversity of perspectives and research directions. The solution of these issues is largely determined by research position relative to the nature and character of the First World War for Russia. Special attention is paid to the pending issues of Russia's participation in the First World War, among which is Russia’s national interests, its relations with its allies in the Entente. The author comes to the conclusion that in the concepts of modern Russian historians is traced the continuity with the Soviet research tradition and with the ideas of historians – contemporaries of the war.

Keywords

historiography; Russia; Entente; First World War; imperialist war; Patriotic war

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UDC

930.2:94(100)”1914/19”

Pages

145-150

References

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Received

2013-12-19

Section of issue

History and political science

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