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Strengthening of spectrum of genetic variability of crops in order to improve the environmental plasticity of agroecosystems

Annotation

The purpose of research is the development of techniques increase of the genetic diversity of some fruit and berry crops with the use of tissue culture and experimental haploidy in vitro. The research resulted in optimized conditions screening and stress-resistant forms of regeneration, the influence of individual factors amitotics and culture to the level of proliferation and intensity berry androgenesis in vitro.

Keywords

fabric selection; somaclonal variation; androgenesis; tissue culture; in vitro.

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UDC

631.524:631.95

Pages

927-932

References

1. Morgun V.V., Kirizii D.R., Shadchina T.M. Ekofiziologicheskie i geneticheskie aspekty adaptatsii kul'turnykh rasteniy k global'nym izmeneniyam klimata // Fiziologiya i biokhimiya kul'turnykh rasteniy. 2010. T. 42. № 1. S. 3-22. 2. Zhuchenko A.A. Adaptivnoe rastenievodstvo (ekologo-geneticheskie osnovy): teoriya i praktika. M.: Agrorus, 2008. T. 1. 814 s. 3. Boronnikova S.V., Mandritsa S.A., Svetlakova T.N., Nazarov A.V., Suslonov A.V. Izuchenie geneticheskogo raznoobraziya rasteniy, proizrastayushchikh v usloviyakh neftyanogo zagryazneniya pochv, s ispol'zovaniem ISSR-markerov na primere Poa Pratensis L. // Ekologicheskaya genetika. 2010. T. 8. № 1. S. 59-63. 4. Dubinin N.P. Obshchaya genetika. M.: Nauka, 1986. 559 s. 5. Murashige T., Skoog F. A revised medium for rapid growth and bio assays with tobacco tissue cultures // Physiol. Plant. 1962. V. 5. № 95. P. 473-497. 6. Quoirin M., Lepoivre P. Improved medium for in vitro culture of Prunus sp. // Acta Hortic. 1977. V. 78. P. 437-442. 7. Standardi A., Catalano F. Tissue culture propagation of kiwifruit // Comb. proc. Intern. plant propagators’ soc. 1984. V. 34. P. 236-243.

Received

2012.09.12

Section of issue

Ecological problems of biosphere development

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