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Paleosoils of steppe archaeological monuments as indicators nature development during Holocene

Annotation

Based on the studies of under-kurgan pedo-chrono-sequences the conceptual model of evolution of soils in the Lower Volga steppes within past 6000 years has been developed. The regularities on the centennial variability of morphological, chemical, microbial properties of paleosoils are elucidated. From the paleosoil data the dynamics of climate humidity in the region within the Eneolith, Bronze, Early Iron and Middle Age epochs is reconstructed. The crises and optima stages in the history of the natural development during the Holocene are revealed.

Keywords

steppe; environment; paleosoils; archaeological monuments.

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UDC

631.48:930.26

Pages

966-970

References

1. Demkin V.A. Paleopochvovedenie i arkheologiya: integratsiya v izuchenii istorii prirody i obshchestva. Pushchino: ONTI PNTs RAN, 1997. 213 s. 2. Demkin V.A., Borisov A.V., Demkina T.S. [i dr.] Volgo-Donskie stepi v drevnosti i srednevekov'e (po materialam pochvenno-arkheologicheskikh issledovaniy). Pushchino: SYNCHROBOOK, 2010. 120 s. 3. Gerasimenko N.P. Izmeneniya prirodnoy sredy v stepnoy zone Ukrainy v techenie srednego i pozdnego periodov epokhi bronzy // Evolyutsiya pochvennogo pokrova. Pushchino, 2009. S. 187-189. 4. Demkin V.A., Demkina T.S., Khomutova T.E. [i dr.]. Otrazhenie dinamiki uvlazhnennosti klimata za istoricheskoe vremya v svoystvakh paleopochv arkheologicheskikh pamyatnikov stepnoy zony // Regional'nye effekty global'nykh izmeneniy klimata. Voronezh: Nauchnaya kniga, 2012. S. 295-299. 5. Demkina T.S., Khomutova T.E., Kashirskaya N.N. [i dr.] Mikrobiologicheskie issledovaniya paleopochv arkheologicheskikh pamyatnikov stepnoy zony // Pochvovedenie. 2010. № 2. S. 213-220.

Received

2012.09.25

Section of issue

Biogeochemistry: yesterday, today, tomorrow

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