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Didactics of legal sources (on materials of town planning legislation of the Russian Empire)

Annotation

The article investigates the characteristics of normative sources the town-planning legislation operating in the Russian Empire 18th – beginning of 20th centuries. Research basis amounted to historical and legal acts that took normative value, carrying educational learning function. The author sets the purpose to reveal in the Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire and to analyze normative texts didactic orientation. Also in attention focus – the systematized large legal acts: Building and Fire charters, architectural treatise-code of the first half of the 18th century. The content analysis of indexes to Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire (three editions of meeting) became primary method of identification of a standard material. Fundamentals of applied methodology are the principle of historicism, a legalistic method of the analysis of the statutory act. On the basis of the analysis of the maintenance of sources the historical function of the town-planning legislation which is showing in its didactics comes to light. Erosion of didactic content of normative legal acts by the end of the study period is marked. The main direction on which technical standards of teaching character are formulated comes to light: introduction in practice of new types of the buildings, new materials, planning and constructions. The special role of graphic materials in creation of the training standard fixed instructions on construction is noted. Communications between existence of this phenomenon, its fading by the end of the 19th century and prevalence of specialists, an orientation of town-planning policy, change of social and economic conditions of city construction come to light. It is concluded about the reasons for existence of the town-planning didactics clothed in legal form, including it by indicative manifestation of the purposes of town-planning policy of the state, in the form of creation of the cities on a regular basis.

Keywords

town building; Fire charter; the systematization of town-planning norms; Building charter; legal didactics; educational rules of law

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UDC

93(09); 62(09)

Pages

90-95

References

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Received

2014-05-28

Section of issue

Civil society and state

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