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Essence, meaning and functions of civil contract

Annotation

The role of the civil law contract as an important regulator of relations in modern society is researched. The achievements and theoretical positions of civil law scientists about the nature and functions of a civil contract are studied and critically analyzed. The correlation of concepts such as a contract, agreement, transaction, legal fact is shown. Characterized by features such as the contract: establishing a legal relationship between the parties in the form of obligations, legal fixation target, subject to determination by the parties commit actual actions, legal regulation of the actions to be performed by the parties, conservation and protection of the rights and interests of the parties.The article traces the evolution of the functions of the contract from the available during the administrative economic system to the functions of the agreement, which were formed in the conditions of modern economic turnover.

Keywords

transaction; contract; agreement; legal fact; obligations; function

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UDC

347

Pages

109-115

References

1. Novitskiy I.B. Rimskoe pravo. M., 2002. 2. Zhalinskiy A., Rerikht A. Vvedenie v nemetskoe pravo. M., 2001. 3. Osakve K. Ekonomiko-filosofskaya interpreta-tsiya dogovora v anglo-amerikanskom obshchem prave: liberal'naya teoriya dogovora // Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava. 2004. № 9. 4. Chikaeva T.A. Osobennosti rossiyskogo pravosoznaniya i problemy postroeniya pravovogo gosudarstva v Rossii // Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki, kul'turologiya i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. 2013. № 12 (38). 5. Meyer D.I. Russkoe grazhdanskoe pravo: v 2 ch. M., 2000. Ch. 2. 6. Shershenevich G.F. Uchebnik russkogo grazhdanskogo prava. M., 1995. 7. Kalabekov Sh.V. Dogovor kak universal'naya pravovaya konstruktsiya: avtoref. dis. … kand. yur. nauk. M., 2004. 8. Vlasenko N.A. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava. M., 2011. 9. Satina E.A. Sanktsionirovanie prava kak nauchnaya problema // Pravovaya politika i pravovaya zhizn'. 2008. № 3. S. 122-127. 10. Kolomenskaya E.V. Funktsional'nyy podkhod k issledovaniyu dogovora // Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava. 2005. № 5. 11. Bykov A.G. Osnovnye funktsii khozyaystven-nogo dogovora i ego rol' v narodnom khozyaystve / pod red. V.P. Gribanova, O.A. Krasavchikova. M., 1977. 12. Verdnikov V.G. Funktsii dogovora // Trudy VYuZI. M., 1971. T. 10. 13. Semeusov V.A. Funktsii khozyaystvennogo dogovora. Irkutsk, 1979. 14. Krasavchikov O.A. Grazhdansko-pravovoy dogovor: ponyatie, soderzhanie i funktsii // Antologiya ural'skoy tsivilistiki. M., 2001. S. 178-179. 15. Khalfina R.O. Pravo i khozraschet. M., 1975. 16. Ivanova N.A. Gosudarstvennaya politika RF v sfere regulirovaniya otnosheniy, svyazannykh s ustroystvom detey, ostavshikhsya bez popeche-niya roditeley // Doktrina prava. Tambov; Saratov, 2009. № 1-2 (2-3).

Received

2014-06-11

Section of issue

Civil society and state

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