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Armenian Diaspora in the United States and Armenia in 1990s


The article focuses on the dynamics and nature of the relationship between the Armenian Diaspora in the United States and the Republic of Armenia in the first decade of independent Armenian state. The paper disclosed the content of humanitarian cooperation and political relations between the two parts of the Armenian world, traces dynamics of bilateral relations, proved controversial nature of their relationships. Because of unsuccessful campaigns repatriation of Armenians from the Diaspora to Soviet Armenia in 1920–1930, 1946–1948 and 1962–1982's years, the idea of returning to homeland in the public consciousness of U.S. Armenians lost relevance and appeal. A considerable part of the Armenian-American since 1990 made short-term travel, work, and volunteer trip to Armenia, preferring cooperation with Armenia at the transnational level and on an individual basis. In the humanitarian sphere post-Soviet Armenian society faced a real activity of the Armenian Diaspora in the United States, with its material side, which became prominent in various areas of social and public life in Armenia. Political relations between the homeland and its Diaspora in the United States in 1988–1999 years divided into four periods. In 1988–1991 years have been a period, when the two segments of the Armenian world showed an attraction to each other, 1991–1992 was a period of “honeymoon” in bilateral relations, 1992–1998 years were a period of confrontation, in 1998 became the stage of reconciliation. Contradictory nature of the relationship of the Armenian Diaspora in the United States and Armenia can be explained by the lack prolonged opportunities living together peacefully in the presence of an independent Armenian state.


U.S. Armenian Diaspora; Republic of Armenia

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