Menu: Home :: go to Journal :: switch to Russian :: switch to English
You are here: all Journals and Issues→ Journal→ Issue→ Article

SUPPORT OF FERTILITY

Annotation

Saving of the people should be considered as the main task of the government policy. Support of the fertility must be based on the fundamentals of the human population dynamics theory, macroeconomics and psychology. Birth rate boosting should be combined with the condemnation of celibacy and childlessness. People must have choice of the boosting rate form, and the population policy must be specific for each region. Now the ruling groups prefer measures having kind of encouragement rather than coercion or prohibition. In countries with high GDP per capita observed dependence of the total fertility rate (TFR) of the intensity of support for the birth rate, expressed as % of GDP. Causation efforts to support the birth rate and the rate of total fertility (RTF) can have the opposite direction, in places where the rate of total fertility (RTF) below, efforts to support the birth rate may be higher. As a result, the effect of supporting the birth rate must be low. Support fertility expressed in the form of many small payments and benefits, the preparation of which requires the parents already have a lot of concerns, a significant effort. The funds allocated to support the birth rate, insufficient for the recovery of simple reproduction. Family tax payments in conjunction with the parents -is the best way to support the birth rate, which does not require additional budget expenditures.

Keywords

demographic policy; demography; cultural heredity; economics; GDP

Full-text in one file

Download

UDC

314.335.044

Pages

1625-1629

References

1. Tyndik A.O. Obzor sovremennykh mer semeynoy politiki v stranakh s nizkoy rozhdaemost'yu // SPERO. 2009. № 12. S. 157-176. 2. Makdonal'd P. Nizkaya rozhdaemost' i gosudarstvo: effektivnost' politiki // Nizkaya rozhdaemost' v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: vyzovy i strategicheskie podkhody: materialy Mezhdunar. seminara. M., 2006. S. 27-56. 3. Kim W. Will Pronatalist Policy Work? The Case of South Korea. URL: http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Economics/2013-undergrad_the- ses/wookinKim thesis.pdf (accessed: 15.05.2015). 4. Bonoli G. The impact of social policy on fertility: evidence from Switzerland // Journal of European Social Policy. 2008. V. 18. № 1. P. 64-77. 5. Lindsey P., Norman D. Pererabotka informatsii u cheloveka. M.: Mir, 1974. C. 485-487. 6. Simon H.A. How big is a chunk // Science. 1974. № 183. 7. Semevskiy F.N. Izmenenie mneniy. 2009 // Biblioteka Moshkova. URL: samlib.ru/s/semewskij_fedor.../izmeneniemnenij3_1doc.shtml (data obrashcheniya: 16.05.2015). 8. Aronson E., Pratkanis E.R. Epokha propagandy: Mekhanizmy ubezhdeniya, povsednevnoe ispol'zovanie i zloupotreblenie. SPb.: praym-EVROZNAK, 2003. 384 s. 9. Psikhologiya lichnosti: slovar'-spravochnik / pod red. P. Gorno-stay, T. Titarenko. Kiev: «Ruta», 2001 // Psikhologicheskaya bib-lioteka. URL: psylib.org.ua/books/hjelz01/txt20.htm (data obrashche-niya: 16.05.2013). 10. Lowenstein G., Sicherman N. Do workers prefer increasing wage profiles? // J. Labor Economics. 1991. V. 9. № 1. R. 67-84. 11. Davydov D.V., Tarasov A.A. Modeli povedeniya potrebiteley: eksperimental'naya proverka v regional'nykh usloviyakh // Uprav-lenie v sotsial'no-ekonomicheskikh sistemakh. 2003. T. 2. Vyp. 6. URL: http://www.khstu.ru/rus/ics/ics_pdf/N06_08.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 16.05.2015). 12. Kohler H.-P., Behrman J., Skytthe A. Partner + children = happiness? The effects of partnerships and fertility on well-being // Population and Development Review. 2005. V. 31. P. 407-445. 13. Angeles L. Children and Life Satisfaction // J. of Happiness Studies. 2010. V. 11. № 4. P. 523-538. 14. Baetschmann G., Staub E., Studer R. Does the stork deliver happiness? Parenthood and life satisfaction // Univ. Zurich, Dep. Economics. Working Papers: Department of Economics, University of Zurich, 2012. № 94. 15. Herbst S.M., Ifcher J. The Increasing Happiness of Parents // Working Paper № 2014-05-SCU-ECON 2014. URL: http://www.scu.edu/ business/economics/wpscue (accessed: 16.05.2015). 16. Kamarás F. Fertility preferences versus actual behaviour in Hungary // ed. by I.E. Kotowska, J. Jozwiak. Population of Central and Eastern Europe: Challenges and Opportunities. Warsaw: Statistical Publishing Establishment, 2003. P. 165-188. 17. Mironov B.N. Sotsial'naya istoriya Rossii perioda imperii (XVIII – nachalo XX v.): genezis lichnosti, demokraticheskoy sem'i, grazhdanskogo obshchestva i pravovogo gosudarstva: v 2 t. SPb.: Dm. Bulanin, 2000. 18. Beteva R.A. K voprosu o stiranii sotsial'nykh razlichiy v poni-manii kategorii schast'ya v sotsialisticheskom obshchestve // Voprosy razvitiya sotsialisticheskogo obshchestva. Sverdlovsk: Sverdl. i Nizhnetagil. ped. in-ty, 1971. 19. Ol'shanskiy V.B. Shkol'niki v izmenyayushchemsya obshchestve (1982–1997 gg.) / pod red. S.G. Klimovoy, N.Yu. Volzhskoy // ESM. 1999. URL: http://ecsocman.hse.ru/data/023/071/1232/013.pdf (data obra-shcheniya: 15.05.2015). 20. Rogozin D. Tseli i prityazaniya molodezhi // Baza dannykh FOM. URL: http://bd.fom.ru/report/cat/val_/youngvalue/d047724# (data obrashcheniya: 15.05.2015). 21. Leont'eva M.G. Nravstvennye tsennosti budushchikh upravlencheskikh kadrov kak chasti sovremennoy molodezhi. 2009. URL: ich.tsu.ru/Grants/Conferences/MFU/03Sect/Leontieva.doc (data ob-rashcheniya: 15.05.2015). 22. Demeny P. Pronatalist Policies in Low-Fertility Countries: Patterns, Performance and Prospects // Population and Development Review. 1986. V. 12. P. 335-358. 23. Semashko L., Devit M. Proekt «Zakona izbiratel'nogo prava detey» Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Izbiratel'noe pravo detey – klyuch k resheniyu problem detstva. SPb., 2004. URL: http://www. peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=155 (data obrashcheniya: 15.05.2015). 24. Koshelev A.N. Neobkhodimye mery gosudarstvennoy politiki po preodoleniyu demograficheskogo krizisa i vymiraniya korennogo naseleniya Rossii v KhKhI v. // Doklad na Obshcherossiyskom forume «Svyatost' materinstva». 2012. URL: http://www.demographia.ru /articles_N/index.html?idR=5&idArt=2169 (data obrashcheniya: 15.05.2015). 25. Barshev V. Skol'ko stoit zhizn' v Rossii?// Rossiyskaya gazeta. 2014. 8 dek.

Received

2015-09-22

Section of issue

Biology

Для корректной работы сайта используйте один из современных браузеров. Например, Firefox 55, Chrome 60 или более новые.