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City building legislation and social policy in Russian Empire

Annotation

The elements of a state policy of the Russian Empire which concerned the social help to the population within town-planning activity are researched. Research covers time of the period beginning of the 18th and the beginning of 20th centuries. Research basis drew up the historical and legal acts that took normative value, carrying function of a social relief aid. The purpose to reveal in the Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire and to analyses normative texts of a social orientation is set. As auxiliary sources the journalistic material on problems of housing policy of the end of 19th – the beginnings of the 20th centuries is attracted. The content analysis of indexes to Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire (three editions of meeting) became primary method of identification of a standard material. A fundamental of applied methodology is the principle of historicism, a legalistic method of the analysis of the statutory act. On the basis of the analysis of the maintenance of sources the historical function of the town-planning legislation which is showing in its social appointment comes to light. Historical terminology applied by the legislator is analyzed. It is noted that historical town-planning standards of social character were not under a theoretical framework related to notions of fundamental human rights, as is typical for modern law. The legal acts directed on the social help come to light and classified, level of their systematization is noted. Sporadic, casual character of a standard material, departmental dissociation is noted. The conclusion about a disproportion in regulation of the public relations within civil and military town planning is drawn. The assumption of a problematic nature of the beginning of ripening of branch of the right of social security within the historical town-planning legislation is made.

Keywords

town building; systematization of town-planning norms; social care; social security; Building charter

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UDC

93(09); 62(09)

Pages

133-142

References

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Received

2014-06-11

Section of issue

Link of time: history of societies and civilizations

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