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Role and place of oil and gas complex in system of determinants of economic safety of national economy

Annotation

It is justified that the country’s oil and gas complex in the Republic of Kazakhstan is a key determinant of economic security of the national economy. The analysis of the dynamics of the oil and gas sector has shown that its development in recent years, characterized by an increase in production of all energy and fuel resources. On the one hand, it serves a positive determinant of the system of economic security of the national economy. However, the main investors in the development of the oil and gas sector of the Republic of Kazakhstan are international organizations (foreign capital is the basis for the development and implementation of major projects related to the development of oil and gas fields, exploration and development, processing and transportation of oil and gas), which is a serious threat to its economic security. Proved that for leveling this threat it is necessary to form a number of programs for the development of the Kazakh sector of the Caspian Sea, which provides the nomination of new offshore blocks for sale. At the same time, interest in the oil and gas potential of Kazakhstan is growing as part of all the Caspian states, major world powers, and by the leading multinational oil companies. Under these circumstances, the priority of ensuring economic security of the national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan will be restructuring and building their own fuel-processing plants and petrochemical industries in order to replace hydrocarbon exports high quality products deep processing. In this regard, the establishment of national petrochemical industrial parks and clusters. Due to this creation the Republic of Kazakhstan will be able to master the production of a wide range of petrochemical products: polypropylene, polyethylene, polystyrene, synthetic rubber, etc., the demand for which is increasing annually.

Keywords

economic security; determinants of economic security; oil and gas sector of Republic of Kazakhstan

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UDC

338.45

Pages

82-90

References

1. Smagulova S.M. Vneshneekonomicheskaya strategiya neftegazovogo kompleksa Respubliki Kazakhstan: avtoref. dis. … kand. ekonom. nauk. M., 2005. 2. Problemy transformatsii, integratsii i bezopasnosti gosudarstv Tsentral'noy Azii / pod nauch. red. T. Bodio, A. Vezhbitskogo, P. Zalenskogo: Mezhdunarodnaya issledo-vatel'skaya programma kafedry vostochnykh issledovaniy Instituta politicheskikh nauk varshavskogo universiteta “Sistemnaya transformatsiya gosudarstv Tsentral'noy Azii”. Varshava, 2008. URL: http://www.enu.kz/ downloads/lichnie-stranici/ StudiaPolit12.pdf#10 (data obrashcheniya: 12.09.2014). 3. Zastupov A.V. Mekhanizmy realizatsii organizatsionno-ekonomicheskikh rezervov povysheniya effektivnosti neftedobyvayushchikh predpriyatiy: avtoref. dis. … kand. ekonom. nauk. Samara, 2007. 4. Dubovik O.L., Kremer L., Lyubbe-Vol'ff G. Ekologicheskoe pravo / otv. red. O.L. Dubovik. M., 2005. 5. Basarygin Yu.M. Puti resheniya glavneyshikh problem neftegazovogo kompleksa. M., 2007. 6. Bozumbaev K. Stanovlenie konkurentnogo rynka elektroenergii v Kazakhstane // Ekonomist. 2003. № 11. S. 50-54. 7. Egorov O.I., Chigarkina O.A. K probleme kompleksnogo ispol'zovaniya neftegazovykh resursov // Nauchno-tekhnologicheskoe razvitie neftegazovogo kompleksa: doklady 4 Mezhdunarodnykh nadirovskikh chteniy. Almaty, 2006. S. 262-268. 8. Nadirov N.K. Novye podkhody k resheniyu problem dobychi nefti i ee pererabotki // Nauchno-tekhnologicheskoe razvitie neftegazovogo kompleksa: doklady 3 Mezhdunarodnykh nauchnykh nadirovskikh chteniy. Almaty; Shym-kent, 2005. S. 21-31. 9. Shkol'nik V. Perspektivy razvitiya i investitsionnye vozmozhnosti neftegazovogo sektora ekonomki // Ekonomist. 2003. № 11. S. 55-60.

Received

2014-10-27

Section of issue

Problems and prospects of development of modern economics

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