Menu: Home :: go to Journal :: switch to Russian :: switch to English
You are here: all Journals and Issues→ Journal→ Issue→ Article

Social movement and consumption of alcohol in Russia at the turn of 19th–20th centuries

Annotation

The problem of the relationship between the development of social movements and consumption of alcoholic beverages in Russia in the late 19th – early 20th centuries is considered. The relationships between the different stages in the development of social movements and dynamics of the consumption of alcoholic beverages in Russia in this period are analyzed. Based on archival data, statistics, periodicals, memoir literature, the specificity of alcohol consumption, mainly during the First Russian revolution of 1905–1907 is disclosed. It is concluded that alcohol, on the one hand, could relieve social tension masses, reducing their revolutionary activity, on the other hand, intoxication could stimulate great mood, weakening the sense of responsibility. In general the conclusion is that alcohol is not success of the revolution, because the heat of passion eliminates the element of organized social groups. In addition in the specified period the authorities didn’t see the alcohol as the tool for political manipulation, considering the sale of alcoholic beverages as means to replenish the budget.

Keywords

alcohol; social movement; revolution; wine monopoly

Full-text in one file

Download

UDC

329(47+57)"189/181"-029:178.1

Pages

224-230

References

1. Ozerov I.Kh. Na temy dnya. K ekonomi-cheskomu polozheniyu Rossii. M., 1912. 2. Moskovskie vesti // Russkoe slovo. 1907. № 258. 3. Gosudarstvennaya duma. Tretiy sozyv. Stenograficheskie otchety. Sessiya pervaya. Chast' 1. Spb., 1908. 4. Protokol vechernego soedinennogo zasedaniya vsekh sektsiy 2 yanvarya 1910 goda // Trudy Pervogo Vserossiyskogo s"ezda po bor'be s p'yanstvom: v 3 t. Spb., 1910. T. 1. 5. Shipov N.N. Alkogolizm i revolyutsiya. Spb., 1908. 6. Breshko-Breshkovskaya E.K. Skrytye korni russkoy revolyutsii. Otrechenie velikoy revolyutsionerki. 1873–1920. M., 2006. 7. Pavlyuchenkov S.A. Veselie Rusi: revolyutsiya i samogon // Veselie Rusi. XX vek. Gradus noveyshey rossiyskoy istorii: ot “p'yanogo byudzheta” do “sukhogo zakona”. M., 2000. 8. Gr. Vitte o kabake // Russkoe slovo. 1907. № 284. 9. Kanel' V.Ya. Alkogolizm i bor'ba s nim. M., 1914. 10. Ozerov I.Kh. Kazennaya vinnaya monopoliya // Ocherki ekonomicheskoy i finansovoy zhizni Rossii i Zapada. M., 1904. 11. Kimball A. Derevenskiy kabak kak zarodysh grazhdanskogo obshchestva vo vtoroy polovine XIX v. // Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremen-nost'. 2004. № 6. 12. Krest'yanskoe dvizhenie v Rossii v 1890–1900 gg. Sbornik dokumentov. M., 1959. 13. Novosel'skiy S.A. Ocherk statistiki naseleniya, zabolevaemosti i meditsinskoy pomoshchi v Rossii. Spb., 1912. 14. Sorokin P.A. Chelovek i obshchestvo v usloviyakh bedstviy. SPb., 2012. 15. Sukhova O.A. Desyat' mifov krest'yanskogo soznaniya: ocherki istorii sotsial'noy psikhologii i mentaliteta russkogo krest'yanstva (konets XIX – nachalo XX v.) po materialam Srednego Povolzh'ya. M., 2008. 16. Drozdova A.A. O merakh bor'by s alkogolizmom // Trudy Pervogo Vserossiyskogo s"ezda po bor'be s p'yanstvom: v 3 t. Spb., 1910. T. 3. 17. Severyanin. Bor'ba s alkogolizmom // Russkie vedomosti. 1907. № 288. 18. Anikin S.V. Po rodnym mestam (iz nablyudeniy byvshego deputat) // Russkoe bogatstvo. 1907. № 1. 19. V.V. Krest'yanskie volneniya 1905–1906 gg. // Sovremennik. 1911. № 5. 20. Krest'yanskoe dvizhenie v Rossii. Iyun' 1907 – iyul' 1914 gg. Sbornik dokumentov. M., 1966. 21. Il'yukhov A.A. Bor'ba s p'yanstvom i pogromami s Petrograde v 1917 godu // K istorii russkikh revolyutsiy: sobytiya, mneniya, otsenki. Pamyati I.I. Mintsa. M., 2007. 22. Gavrilyuk I.V. Krest'yanskoe dvizhenie v Orlovskoy gubernii v period Pervoy rossiyskoy revolyutsii 1905–1907 gg.: avtoref. dis. … kand. ist. nauk. Orel, 2013.

Received

2014-11-06

Section of issue

Link of time: history of societies and civilizations

Для корректной работы сайта используйте один из современных браузеров. Например, Firefox 55, Chrome 60 или более новые.