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To a question about the moment of recognition of legal capacity of human embryo

Annotation

Relevance of the article is in the extensive and eloquent discussion of the problem of recognition of human embryos (in a legal context), and assigned to it the legal capacity and rights inherent in already-born person, including the most important – the right to life, in various scientific fields: be it, medicine, philosophy, and law. Of course, for the legal analysis of this problem it is necessary to appeal to the natural science advances, so the paper presents three main opinions of biologists and physicians about the importance and value of the embryo as a person. International instruments in the field of child protection and child welfare are analyzed. The Russian legislation in key areas of legal (constitutional, criminal, civil), affects the interests of the unborn, is denoted positive and negative trends in relation to them is examined. The author's position on the possibility of determining the date for legislative recognition of legal capacity and embryo protection of his life by the state is provided.

Keywords

embryo; person; legal capacity; abortion; murder

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UDC

342.72/.73

Pages

198-203

References

1. Tooley M. Abortion and infanticide // Moral problem in medicine. N. Y., 1972. 2. Konventsiya o zashchite prav cheloveka i dostoinstva chelovecheskogo sushchestva v svyazi s ispol'zovaniem dostizheniy biologii i meditsiny: Konventsiya o pravakh cheloveka i biomeditsine. Ov'edo, 1997 g. // Mezhdunarodnye akty o pravakh cheloveka: sbornik dokumentov. M., 2002. 3. Nathanson B.N., Ostling R.N. Aborting America // Garden City. N. Y., 1979. 4. Karpova I. Rebenok pod voprosom // Neskuchnyy sad. Zhurnal o pravoslavnoy zhizni. 2003. № 3 (7). 5. Golichenkov V. Embrion ne mozhet zayavit' svoi prava, eto mozhem sdelat' my // Pravoslavie i mir. 2012. 28 sentyabrya. 6. Report by Working Party on the Protection of the Hyman Embryo and Fetus. Steering committee on bioethics of Council of Europe. Strasbourg, 2003. URL: http://www.coe.int/Bioethics (accessed: 15.09.2014). 7. Haring B. Medical ethics. St. Paul; Slough, 1972. 8. Bayles M.D. Reproductive ethics. N. Y., 1984. 9. Instruktsiya ob opredelenii kriteriev zhivorozhdeniya, mertvorozhdeniya, perinatal'nogo perioda – prilozhenie № 1 k prikazu Minzdrava Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 4.12.1992 g. № 318. URL: http://naturalbirth.ru/pravo/index.php?page=pr318#p1 (data obrashcheniya: 15.09.2014). 10. Deputaty otklonili predlozhenie Milonova o nadelenii embriona pravami cheloveka // Pravoslavie i mir. 2012. 27 sentyabrya.

Received

25.10.2014

Section of issue

Civil society and state

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