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First World War and the social modernization of Russia (with using of materials about Tambov peasantry)

Annotation

The study of military factor as Russian modernization mechanism in 1914–1940 is considered. The analysis of the First World War’s impact on the transition of Russian Empire from an agrarian society to industrial one in social aspect, is considered. The wholeness of modernization processes in Russia as the keystone to their successful implementation is scrutinized. The interpretation of a war as the original “challenge” to Russian (Slavic) civilization which had the “response” in the form of the Russian modernization is the scientific novelty. His concluded that the WWI of 1914–1918 was the strongest “catalyst” for Russian modernization processes in comparison with previous military conflicts with the participation of the Russian empire. It made for forming of Russian modernization divergent model which was manifested in the Soviet variant of Russian society.

Keywords

First World War; modernization; social modernization; Russia; Russian modernization mechanism; Russian modernization wholeness; military factor

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UDC

930.1

Pages

7-16

References

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Received

2014-05-15

Section of issue

ON 100th ANNIVERSARY OF FIRST WORLD WAR

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