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International criminal justice and its establishment: historical view

Annotation

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court was adopted on 17 July 1998. 1 July 2002 it entered into force. Today, the Rome Statute of the ICC is ratified by more then 120 states all over the world. The Rome Statute preamble states, that International Criminal Court was created, because the State Parties to this Statute “…affirms that the most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole must not go unpunished…”. The latter idea is not new to the law doctrine. Its historical establishment and further formation beginning with the 19th century till nowadays is concerned. Thus, analysis of the following stages: origin of the international criminal justice idea, strengthen the latter in the first half of the 20th century and its place during the “cold war”, its revival in the late 80s – early 90s of the twentieth century and modern development is considered.

Keywords

International Criminal Court; ICC; history; international standards; international system of justice; international criminal justice

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UDC

341.01

Pages

149-153

References

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Received

2014-10-20

Section of issue

Civil society and state

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