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Socio-cultural aspect of missionary service in Alaska of Saint Innocent (Veniaminov)

Annotation

The spread of Orthodoxy in Alaska had profound effect on the culture of the autochthonous population. Orthodox missionaries and especially St. Innocent (Veniaminov) in its activities the main accent was made on the education of the natives and gives them the skills of European civilization. He created the alphabet and made grammar Aleut-Lisevskiy language; translated into it the fundamental books of Christianity promoted the development of book culture, created a school for the aborigines and Creoles, taught the locals the basics of medicine. Becoming a bishop of Alaska, he began to create new parishes, to build churches, chapels, houses of the clergy, around which there were settlements of the natives. All the work Saint Innocent conducted taking into account the mentality of indigenous, and those perceived Russian culture as their own, and the Orthodox tradition as features of their national identity.

Keywords

Alaska; Saint Innocent; missionary; autochthonous; settlement; church; Orthodoxy; culture; tradition; writing.

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UDC

94(47).073

Pages

119-123

References

1. Petrov A.Yu., mitropolit Kliment (Kapalin), Malakhov M.G., Ermolaev A.N., Savel'ev I.V. Istoriya i nasledie Russkoy Ameriki // Vestnik Rossiyskoy akademii nauk. M., 2011. T. 81. № 12. S. 1090-1099. 2. Chevigny H. Russian America. The Great Alaskan Venture 1741–1867. N. Y., 1965. 3. Arkhiv Seminarii Prepodobnogo Germana na Alyaske. F. Innokentiy (Veniaminov). D. 1. Bumagi. 1821–1823. 4. RGIA. F. 796 «Kantselyariya Svyateyshego Pravitel'stvuyushchego Sinoda». Op. 109. D. 1686. 5. Arkhiv Seminarii Prepodobnogo Germana na Alyaske. F. Innokentiy (Veniaminov). D. 2. Bumagi. 1824–1840. 6. AVPRI. F. 340 «Kollektsiya dokumental'nykh materialov iz lichnykh arkhivov chinovnikov MID». Op. 874. D. 1. 7. Innokentiy (Veniaminov), mitropolit. Izbrannye trudy svyatitelya Innokentiya, mitropolita Moskovskogo, apostola Sibiri i Ameriki. M., 1997. 8. Kliment (G.M. Kapalin), mitropolit. Svyatitel' Innokentiy (Veniaminov) i vozniknovenie knizhnoy kul'tury aleutov // Bibliotekovedenie. 2009. № 5. S. 72-79. 9. Innokentiy (Veniaminov), mitropolit. Tvoreniya Innokentiya, mitropolita Moskovskogo: v 3 kn. / sobr. I. Barsukovym. M., 1887. 10. Rossiysko-Amerikanskaya kompaniya i izuchenie Tikhookeanskogo Severa, 1815–1841: sbornik dokumentov / otv. red. N.N. Bolkho-vitinov. M., 2005. 11. Krauss M.E. Yazyki korennogo naseleniya Alyaski: proshloe, nastoyashchee i budushchee // Traditsionnye kul'tury Severnoy Sibiri i Severnoy Ameriki: trudy sovetsko-amerikanskoy gruppy po sotrudnichestvu v oblasti izucheniya vzaimodeystviya aborigennykh narodov i kul'tur Severnoy Sibiri i Severnoy Ameriki M., 1981. S. 149-181. 12. Arkhiv Krestovozdvizhenskoy tserkvi seleniya Rashen Mishen (Russian Mission). Vedomosti Kvikhpakskoy Krestovozdvizhenskoy tserkvi. Obretayushchimsya pri onoy tserkvi v prikhode nizheyavlennykh chinov lyudyam, so iz"yavle-niem protiv koegozhdo imeni o bytii ikh vo Sv. Chetyredesyatnitsu u Ispovedi i Sv. Tain prichastiya, i ktozh ispovedalsya tokmo, a ne prichashchalsya, i kto ne ispovedalsya za 1892 god. 13. Fedorova S.G. Russkoe naselenie Alyaski i Kalifornii. Konets XVIII veka – 1867 g. M., 1971.

Received

2013-12-03

Section of issue

History and political science

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