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Binary model of culture in literature of France of 20th–21st centuries from Blaise Cendrars to Bernard Werber


The changes of nature of imagery by the example of the famous French writers of the twentieth and twenty-first century and accents the limitations of rational imagery are analyzed. The opportunities of mythological imagery are emphasized. Therefore the interest appears to the dilemma: “primitive – civilized” as well as a deep ambivalence attitude about modernity. A polyphonic creation with a variety of voices and different ways of thinking arises, where the text is built as a complex structure of the elements, the dynamic conflict of different styles. In the article the doubt in an indisputable superiority of civilization and the unavoidable progress of rational person is considered. On multiple examples it is shown how contemporary French writers reflect about the ability of the human mind that has lost support in cultural values; refer to the archaic, instinctive perception of the world. The appeal to the syncretic imagery, which serves frontier culture as a genetic source, unites many of today's authors. The main pathos of their works is to strengthen hope for the triumph of the true eternal values – love and freedom. It is emphasized that despite the aura of negative emotional meaning, which are surround the positive ideas in the anti-utopia novels, activity of the symbolic forms expresses and creates the belief that no mechanical totalitarian system is not capable to take over the world to end.


binary model of consciousness; symbolism; irony; social utopia; metaphor; mythological figurativeness; cultural values; unique identity; stereotypes of civilization

Full-text in one file







1. Cendrars B. Dan Yack. Le plan de l’aiguille. P., 1983. 2. Cendrars B. Moravagine. P., 1992. 3. Le Clésio J-M.G. Le procès verbal. R., 1963. 4. Le Clésio J-M.G. Désert. R., 1980. 5. Werber B. Le père de nos péres. R., 2008.



Section of issue

Philology and art criticism

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