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SOCIO-ECONOMICAL PROGRAM OF RUSSIAN LOCAL NOBLE PEOPLE IN PEASANT REFORM PREPARATION PERIOD

Annotation

One of the key moments in the Russian history is the abolition of serfdom. However, till now has not been studied in detail the socio-economic program of the landed gentry in the period of preparation of the peasant reform. Being side very interested in the results of the reform, the owners of estates were engaged in active dialogue with the government on the eve of the abolition of serfdom. The reserch aims to show the process of developing the socio-economic program of the landed gentry in connection with the start a discussion of abolition of serfdom, its gradual transformation in process of changing the government program of the peasant reform. The most important factors determining the content of the program, its main elements, including attitudes toward the serfdom, personal and property rights of the peasants, and organization of land purchase are examined. The archival material, including unpublished noble projects of abolition of serfdom addressed in the Main Committee on Peasant Affairs is widely used. It is concluded that the feedback existed between the government program of abolition of serfdom and the socio-economic program of the landed gentry, which was formed in pre-reform period.

Keywords

nobility; peasantry; serfdom; landlords; the peasant reform of 1861

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UDC

94(47).081

Pages

109-119

References

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Received

2014-10-15

Section of issue

Social history of russia

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