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PEASANTRY CRAFTS OF AGRARIAN REGION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT (TAMBOV PROVINCE, 1870-1908)

Annotation

Social aspects of development of trade not-agricultural occupations of the peasantry of the agrarian Tambov province are investigated. On the basis of the materials the county and government statistics, archival sources, including the most significant information township boards and statistical committee, “crafts” is reconstructed as a social category. Special attention is paid to the peasants turned to not agricultural crafts as in a certain degree of “non-typical” representatives of agrarian society. Micro-historical approach, methods of analytical history allowed to reveal at the level of concrete settlements feature of reckoning of peasants to the number occupied with crafts in certain districts of the Tambov province, characteristic features of the relation of peasants to crafts. Crafts of peasant woman are considered separately in connection with their close dependence on features of social way. The apportion of female crafts shows the general tendencies of development of this type of trade occupations of the peasantry in the Tambov province. Crafts of the peasantry in settlements of the Tambov district as relatively more confidants to the provincial city are specially analyzed. On the basis of materials of territorial descriptions, to office work documentation of the Tambov governor the characteristics of new tendencies in education are submitted. Activity of zemstvo is considered; the peasantry relation to an initiative of the Tambov district zemstvo of opening of national schools is regarded as an indicator of social changes in turn of the crafts connected with development. In general, conclusions are drawn on features of position of peasants field men in the agricultural region and on specifics of the relation of peasants to crafts.

Keywords

non-agricultural peasant crafts; women’s crafts; social development; agrarian region

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2015-20-10-105-112

UDC

93/94

Pages

105-112

References

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Received

2015-08-20

Section of issue

Social history of russia

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