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A. STAPLETON ON THE GROUNDS OF THE WORLD ORDER, LAW AND JUSTICE IN THE BRITISH EMPIRE COLONIAL WARS IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY (from the history of public thought in Victorian England)
The relevance of the research topic is determined by the demand for exploring a complex of ideas about principles of world order, war and peace, as an essential factor of influence on social and political life and the foreign policies of the states. The problem is considered basing on the example of views of the British publicist and public figure Augustus Grenville Stapleton (1800-1880). The special attention is paid to the analysis of the ideologically and civilization caused specifics of ideas about the right and justice in relation to colonial wars of Mid-Victorian era. А. Stapleton’s position is correlated with a context of formation of system of international law in the middle of the XIX century and features of evolution of legal thinking in Great Britain. It has been shown that Stapleton criticized many of the stereotypes of thinking and racial prejudices of his contemporaries and considered lawful and fair application of the unified approach in the implementation of policies towards the “civilized” and “uncivilized” countries in inter-state conflicts. The analysis carried out led to finding that Stapleton's judgments, atypical for mass moods in the British society, are a peculiar indicator of a condition of public consciousness of Great Britain and widespread stereotypes of the relation to a question of use of force in implementation of an imperial policy from a position of morals and the right. The carried-out analysis allowed draw prospects for further development of this problem on an interdisciplinary basis.
foreign and imperial policy of Great Britain; world order; colonial war; conceptions of law and justice; international Law; public thought; A. Stapleton
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Link of time: history of societies and civilizations
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