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THE HISTORY OF THE SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE UNDERSTANDING AND STUDY OF LAW IN THE RUSSIAN HUMANITARIAN SCIENCE ON THE BOUNDARY OF XIX-XX CENTURIES
The development of the sociological approach to the understanding of law in the Russian humanitarian science on the boundary of XIX-XX centuries, based on the example of the liberal sociological school’s representatives S.A. Muromtseva, M.M. Kovalevsky, N.M. Korkunova and others who should be included in the list of the most significant researchers who focused on the task of study of the social law’s nature is considered. Their ideas and experience should be used actively for the renewal and development of the modern law theory. Analysis of the proceedings of pre-revolutionary researchers shows quite intense interaction of sociology and jurisprudence. It has enriched the theoretical and methodological basis number of some social sciences. Such cooperation has shown the importance and the necessity of extensive usage of sociological methods and approaches in the study of state-legal phenomena. Positive attitude to the law has allowed both to look a bit different on the old problems of theoretical law studies and to formulate new urgent tasks and goals faced by the state and the law. Developing in line with European tendencies the Russian sociological and legal thought had their own characteristics and traits. Various scientific schools and sects have been formed within a framework of the designated approach which is based on the general principle of the law sense, as an element of social life have developed the new theoretical concepts and formulated the original definition of the law.
law; society; social phenomenon; sociological and legal thought
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Section of issue
Civil society and state
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