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A CONCRETE HISTORICAL RATIONALE FOR EVALUATION OF CONTROL FACTORS OF SOUTH RUSSIAN FRONTIER DYNAMICS IN XVII - THE MIDDLE OF XIX CENTURY

Annotation

Timeliness of the topic is determined by essential importance of studying the process of development of Eastern Europe vast lands by Russian people, including the modern Tambov region territory. Scientifically it is important that it is shown how to employ interdisciplinary approaches in historical researches. The object is to develop concrete historical basis to calculate control factors of frontier dynamics during the XVII century - the middle of XIX century. These factors are essential for fractal modeling of the processes of frontier incorporation into Russian motherland. The content is a description of methods for factors and indicators evaluations to carry out fractal modeling based on studying of historical records and research literature on the history of the South Central Russia in the XVII century - the middle of the XIX century. “Human factor” indices of frontier area dynamics are determined, such as population density, ethnical, religious, and social structure of the frontier area population. The rationale for concrete historical content of expert evaluations of frontier territory development factors is formed (communication routes condition, presence or absence of controlled communications, environment for development of trade between the frontier and the motherland, presence or absence of valuable natural resources). Different scales of expert evaluations of factors, which hinder the territory from involvement into Russia’s space or encourage it to do so (geopolitical and military-strategic attractiveness or unattractiveness of the territory for the Russian state, level of loyalty or resistance of the local population against its incorporation into the Russian state) are developed. Rationale examples of indicators (geopolitical involvement of the territory into the Russian state, the proportion of cultivated land, development of roads and “frontier-motherland” type of trade, development of cities as administrative and socio-economical centers similar to motherland cities) allowing to determine the level of frontier involvement into the motherland at different intervals of the period under study are proposed. Certain contradictions between the result of the modeling and relevant frontier areas’ conditions known in historical literature in different time intervals are revealed and this affords ground for further improvement of expert evaluations’ rationale.

Keywords

social history; frontier; expert evaluations; factors; indicators; fractal modeling

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2015-20-10-16-30

UDC

9

Pages

16-30

References

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Received

2015-08-10

Section of issue

Russian frontier: political, social and economic aspects (the south of russia in xvi – the end of xviii century)

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