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The legal nature of the legal fiction is revealed. The general characteristic of the concept “legal fiction” is given, the variety of approaches to this category is noted. The conclusion is made that the legal fiction - is a particular legal phenomenon by which notional reality is stated. However, fiction may contain a share of reality. The definition of a legal fiction under which it is proposed to realize a universal acceptance of legal technique used in exceptional cases at the stage of law-making and law enforcement, which consists in the recognition of an existing fact obviously does not exist, or vice versa, which has a mandatory and acting as a legal fact in a situation of uncertainty irreplaceable. Signs of national property through a prism of the theory of fiction are described. The advantages of the theory of fiction are considered to explain the nature of the national heritage, as well as signs of “belonging to the people” and “inalienability”. The position that the property also formally belongs to its people with respect, as well, and the recognition of its general acceptance is substantiated. It is proved that the national property is concept, rather effective for the right, content of which opens the purposes of the legislator accurately to point at the importance for the state and society of this or that object of world around.


national property; legal fiction; uniqueness; affiliation to the people; inalienability; objective truth; right application

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Civil society and state

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