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THE DATA OF THE NEW FORTIFICATIONS OF DAVYDOVO SITE OF ANCIENT SETTLEMENT (EXCAVATIONS OF 2014)

Annotation

The data of the new excavations of shaft and ditch of the multilayer fortification, located in the basin of the river Tsna in village Davydovo in the Morshanskiy region on the north of Tambov region are published. They correct the characteristics of strengthening. The numerous proofs of the presence of habitable zone in the fortifications of the gorodetskaya culture of the Scythian epoch in the form of remainders, heating installation, fragments of ceramics, bones of animals and individual findings are obtained. The tracks of the living quarters, which adjoined the defensive constructions of ancient Mordvinian time are revealed. Interesting observations relative to ancient Mordvinian site of ancient settlement ditch are made, namely: the tracks of its reconstruction were for the first time traced. It is evident on one of the profiles that the ditch is admitted into the filling of earlier, from which was preserved only deeper lower part. Relative to the fortifications of ancient Mordvinian settlement in 2014 additional information is also obtained. Thus, in the upper three layers were repeatedly traced the accumulations of small pieces of coal, strips lain in the form by width near 0.4 mm. Ash strip by size 3.2 × 0.6 m is fixed. It is necessary to assume, these are the remainders of the burnt wooden cages, of which consisted defensive construction. Most likely, living quarters could be located from the inside of fortifications. This indicates the tracks of heating installation discovered in the sole of shaft.

Keywords

basin of the river Tsna; the Early Iron Age; Early Middle Ages; site of ancient settlement; fortifications

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2015-20-10-93-98

UDC

902

Pages

93-98

References

1. Andreev S.I., Razuvaev Yu.D. Issledovanie ukrepleniy Davydovskogo gorodishcha v 2011 g. // Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye nauki. Tambov, 2012. Vyp. 6 (110). S. 227-233. 2. Andreev S.I., Razuvaev Yu.D. Radiouglerodnoe datirovanie Davydovskogo gorodishcha // Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye nauki. Tambov, 2015. Vyp. 2 (142). S. 143-146. 3. Andreev S.I. Otchet ob okhrannykh raskopkakh gorodishcha u s. Davydovo Morshanskogo ray-ona Tambovskoy oblasti v 2006 g. Tambov, 2007 // Arkhiv IA RAN (Institut arkheologii Rossiyskoy akademii nauk). 4. Andreev S.I., Terekhov P.S. Materialy skif-skogo vremeni iz sloya Davydovskogo gorodishcha // Vostochnoevropeyskie drevnosti skifskoy epokhi. Voronezh, 2011. 5. Razuvaev Yu.D. Novye dannye o zhilykh po-stroykakh na gorodetskikh poseleniyakh Verkhnego Dona // Arkheologicheskoe izuchenie Tsentral'noy Rossii: tezisy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 100-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya V.P. Levenka. Lipetsk, 2006.

Received

2015-08-20

Section of issue

Social history of russia

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