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THE TECHNOLOGY OF PRODUCING OF THE NEO-AENEOLITHIC CERAMICS IN SETTLEMENT BUHOVOE 10 ON THE UPPER DON

Annotation

Settlement Borovoe 10 is located between the village Ratchino, the village Buhovoe of Chaplygin region and the village Preobrajenovka of Dobrovsk region of Lipetsk region on the right bank of the river Voronezh on the floodplain outlier with a height of about 4 m. The materials of the neolithic and the aeneolithic periods of the Bronze age and the Gorodets culture of the early Iron age were identified on it. The purpose is a technical and technological analysis of the ceramics collection of the Neo-Aeneolithic periods of settlement Borovoe 10 relating to the V-III millennia BC: the cultures of Srednedonsk, Ryazan-Dolgovsk, Imerksk and the ceramics of the Ksozovsk type. This is one of the first attempts to define the technology of pottery production on the territory of the Upper Don. As a result, it was found that this place was colonized at least three times at the Neo-Aeneolithic periods. In general, ceramics production of three archaeological cultures of this monument within each of them have been standardized, and we can note that for technical and technological characteristics of ceramics of the Ryazan-Dolgovsk culture and the Ksizovsk type is similar in almost all stages of the pottery production. The pottery of the Ksizovsk type is a part of the ceramics of the Ryazan-Dolgovsk culture. Apparently, ceramics production of the Ryazan-Dolgovsk culture together with the Srednestogovsk formed the basis for the addition of the ceramics of the Ksizovsk type.

Keywords

Upper Don; late Stone Age; Aeneolithic; ceramics; technical and technological analysis

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2015-20-10-99-104

UDC

903.3

Pages

99-104

References

1. Ivashov M.V. Otchet o provedenii arkheologicheskikh issledovaniy na mnogosloynom poselenii Bukhovoe 10 v Chaplyginskom rayone Lipetskoy oblasti v 2012 g. // Arkhiv IA RAN (Institut arkheologii Rossiyskoy akademii nauk). R-1. 2. Folomeev B.A. Otchet o rabote Oksko-Donskoy ekspeditsii GIMa (Gosudarstvennyy istoricheskiy muzey) za 1990 g. // Arkhiv IA RAN. R-1. 3. Sviridov A.A. Otchet o rezul'tatakh arkheologicheskoy razvedki v basseyne r. Voronezh v predelakh Chaplyginskogo i Dobrovskogo rayonov Lipetskoy oblasti v 2005 g. // Arkhiv IA RAN (Institut arkheologii Rossiyskoy akademii nauk). R-1. 4. Bobrinskiy A.A. Goncharstvo Vostochnoy Evropy. Istochniki i metody izucheniya. M., 1978. 5. Bobrinskiy A.A., Vasil'eva I.N. O nekotorykh osobennostyakh plasticheskogo syr'ya v istorii goncharstva // Problemy drevney istorii Severnogo Prikaspiya. Samara, 1998. S. 194-218. 6. Bobrinskiy A.A. Goncharnaya tekhnologiya kak ob"ekt istoriko-kul'turnogo izucheniya // Aktual'nye problemy izucheniya drevnego goncharstva: kollektivnaya monografiya. Samara, 1999. S. 5-109. 7. Levenok V.P. Dolgovskaya stoyanka i ee znachenie dlya periodizatsii neolita na Verkhnem Donu // MIA (Materialy i issledovaniya po arkheologii SSSR): Paleolit i neolit SSSR. T. 5. № 131. Moskva; Leningrad, 1965. 8. Dolukhanov P.M., Timofeev V.I. Absolyutnaya khronologiya neolita Evrazii // Problemy absolyutnogo datirovaniya v arkheologii. M., 1972. S. 28-78. 9. Engovatova A.V. Khronologiya epokhi neolita Volgo-Okskogo mezhdurech'ya // Tverskoy arkheologicheskiy sbornik. Vyp. 3. Tver', 1998. 10. Skorobogatov A.M. Eneolit basseyna Verkh-nego i Srednego Dona v svete novykh dannykh // Tverskoy arkheologicheskiy sbornik. Vyp. 9. Tver', 2013. 11. Surkov A.V., Skorobogatov A.M. Mnogosloynaya stoyanka Yamnoe: materialy issledovaniy. Voronezh, 2012. 12. Folomeev B.A., Chelyapov V.P. Etnokul'turnaya situatsiya v basseyne Sredney Oki v eneolite (seredina III – II tys. do n. e.) // Tverskoy arkheologicheskiy sbornik. Vyp. 4. Tver', 2000.

Received

2015-04-28

Section of issue

Social history of russia

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