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The concept of “real property” in the 21st century: possible options for changing the content

Annotation

Devoted to the analysis of the “real property” concept evolution. The digitalization of economics and law requires a new awareness of the content of basic concepts of property law and, above all, a deeper understanding of what an immovable thing is. The direction of property law evolution largely depends on what this understanding will be. The purpose of the presented work is to determine the possible directions of the “real property” concept evolution. The work used such methods as the method of historical dialectical analysis, interdisciplinary research, comparative legal analysis. It is determined that the content and fundamental changes in the content of the concept “real property” were associated with the content and changes in the main economic settings of the ancient Roman period of history, the Middle Ages and the New Age. It is established that the origin of the concept of “real property” was associated with the introduction of the fiction of a single real estate object into the ancient Roman legal order, which, in turn, was associated with economic practices focused on class control over the land plots of cities. It is concluded that in the period of the New Age, a fundamental overcoming of the dominance of the fiction of a single real estate object in the conceptual space began, which was associated with new economic needs born of the industrial revolution. It is noted that in the course of economic evolution the very concept of “real property” can be overcome. This is due to the fact that as the law develops and the digital economy emerges, the number of fictions of immovable things increases. This state of affairs objectively leads to a radical change in the legal discourse in terms of understanding what an immovable thing is.

Keywords

real property, unified property complex, legal fiction, land plot, superficies, premises, parking space

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DOI

10.20310/2587-9340-2023-7-1-107-119

UDC

347.214.2

Pages

107-119

References

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Received

2022-12-08

Section of issue

Substantive law

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