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Problematic issues of forensic analysis arising at the initial stage slave labor investigations

Annotation

We consider a number of problematic issues related to the conduct of forensic analysis during the investigation at the initial stage of the use of slave labor. We present some problematic situations that arise in the course of the investigator’s analytical activity in the category of criminal cases under consideration, including situations related to establishing the compliance of a criminal act with the requirements of the disposition of Article 127² of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The evidentiary series of factual data is given, testifying to the exercise of the powers of the owner in relation to an individual. Also, attention is focused on the fact that the forensic analysis of the category of criminal cases under consideration should take into account the totality of the evidence available in the case, taking into account, among other things, the stage of preparation for the commission of a crime.It is concluded that at the initial stage of the investigation, the investigator should, in the course of forensic analysis, evaluate the entire range of factual data at his disposal, on the basis of which the main directions for putting forward versions and planning the entire course of the investigation will be based. It is also noted that a systematic approach to conducting forensic analysis will allow, in the optimal time frame, to carry out all the necessary investigative actions and operational-search measures aimed at uncovering and investigating such a complex criminal act as the use of slave labor.

Keywords

forensic analysis, criminal liability, investigation of slave labor usage, physical evidence

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DOI

10.20310/2587-9340-2023-7-1-141-148

UDC

343.9

Pages

141-148

References

1. Kursaev A.V. (2020). Qualification of the use of slave labor depending on the completion of the act. Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii = Vestnik Eastern Siberia Institute of the Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation, no. 2 (93), pp. 96-104. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24411/2312-3184-2020-10034, https://elibrary.ru/ebqtak 2. Kalyuzhnyi A.N. (2021). Typical investigative situations at the preliminary stage of the investigation of crimes related to human trafficking and the use of slave labor. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii prepodavatelei i aspirantov «Sovremennoe gosudarstvo i pravovaya sistema» [Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference of Teachers and Post-Graduate Students “Modern State and Legal System”]. Smolensk, pp. 134-140. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/zljfqb 3. Krepysheva S.K. (2014). Some features of examination tactics in the investigation of crimes associated with human trafficking and the use of slave labor. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta imeni N.I. Lobachevskogo = Vestnik of Lobachevsky University of Nizhni Novgorod, no. 3 (2), pp. 122-125. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/ridedb 4. Kolesov A.I. (2010). Some tactical-and-methodical specificities of detection and determination of the signs of criminal activity connected with the people trade, use of slave labor. Yuridicheskaya nauka i praktika: Vestnik Nizhegorodskoi akademii MVD Rossii = Legal Science and Practice: Journal of Nizhny Novgorod Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, no. 1 (12), pp. 274-278. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/mvwisn 5. Polyakova M.A. (2010). Detection of the traces of criminalactivity connected with people trade and use of their slave labor. Yuridicheskaya nauka i praktika: Vestnik Nizhegorodskoi akademii MVD Rossii = Legal Science and Practice: Journal of Nizhny Novgorod Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, no. 1 (12), pp. 298-302. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/mvwiuv 6. Kolesov A.I. (2010). Problemy pervonachal’nogo etapa rassledovaniya torgovli lyud'mi, ispol’zovaniya rabskogo truda i svyazannykh s nimi prestuplenii: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Problems of the Initial Stage of the Investigation of Human Trafficking, the Use of Slave Labor and Related Crimes. Cand. Sci. (Law) diss.]. Nizhny Novgorod, 271 p. (In Russ.) Available at: https://search.rsl.ru/ru/record/01004823801 7. Esakov G.A. (ed.) (2021). Kommentarii k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossiiskoi Federatsii (postateinyi) [Commentary on the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (Article by Article)]. Moscow, Prospekt Publ., 816 p. (In Russ.) Available at: https://lex.spbstu.ru/userfiles/files/kommentariy-k-ugolovnomu-kodeksu-rossiyskoy-federatsii--(pos.rtf 8. Popov V.A. (2010). Ugolovno pravovye mery bor’by s ispol’zovaniem rabskogo truda: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk [Criminal Legal Measures to Combat the Use of Slave Labor. Cand. Sci. (Law) diss. abst.]. Moscow, 24 p. (In Russ.) Available at: https://viewer.rsl.ru/ru/rsl01004613781?page=1&rotate=0&theme=white 9. Popov V.A., Pudovkin A.A., Tetkin D.V. (2022). The exercise of the owner’s powers as a component of the objective side of the use of slave labor: qualification issues. Pravo: Istoriya i sovremennost’ = Law: History and Modernity, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 365-374. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17277/pravo.2022.03.pp.365-374, https://elibrary.ru/knsjtl 10. Zabarchuk E.L. (ed.) (2006). Kommentarii k Grazhdanskomu kodeksu Rossiiskoi Federatsii. Chasti pervaya–tret’ya: s postateinymi materialami [Commentary on the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. Parts One to Three: with Article-by-Article Materials]. Moscow, Ekzamen Publ., 955 p. (In Russ.) Available at: https://search.rsl.ru/ru/record/01002834799

Received

2022-12-19

Section of issue

Procedural law

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