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ORIGINS AND HISTORY OF SHAOLIN STYLES FORMATION OF BOXING

Annotation

The arts of China, crystallized by high-performance and comprehensive giant system are analyzed, where as separate subsystems (directions, styles, schools) were collected almost all technical and tactical constructions, known to the world history. Historically existing cause-effect peculiarities of appearance and development of combat systems of Ancient China and particularly hand-to-hand combat (chuan-shu) are reviewed. Was marked, that the beginning of the development of chan-buddhism and shaolin chuan-shu initiated the coming in 520-527 with a small group of followers in China from South India 28 buddhistic patriarch (according to official calculation), preacher and missionary - Bodhidharma, pagan from the yogachara sect, the peculiarity of which is sitting meditation. Religious-philosophic doctrines of chan-zen buddhism, having great influence on formation of main styles of martial arts are also sanctified. Parallels integrating south and north styles of Shaolin-share are held and distinctive technical-tactic peculiarities of boxing of these schools are opened. Was proved that sources of eastern martial arts come to primitive skills of self-protection, hunting and fighting, ritual-cult archaic dances, combining shaman and trans, education - passing of moving experience and practical training, of tribes existing in savage society, living in modern China. Thesis of treatises Sun-tzu and U-tzu of founders of Military theory in feudal China is analyzed. Must be marked that in history of Chinese martial arts left deep step the monasteries such as monastery Kepu-sy in province Sychuan, monastery (General happiness) in Fuzian, monastery Nanshan-sy (South mountain) in province Shansy, monastery Zen-sy (Good virtue) in Guandun, Beijin monastery Tanchzhou-sy and etc.

Keywords

eastern martial arts; chan-buddhism; chuan-buddhism; Shaolin monastery; styles schools; directions

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UDC

796

Pages

81-88

References

1. Boevye iskusstva: Kitay, Yaponiya / sost., per. s kit. i drevneyap., vstup. st. i komment. V.V. Malyavina. M., 2002. 2. Boevye i sportivnye edinoborstva: spravochnik / pod obshch. red. A.E. Tarasa. Mn., 2002. 3. Voronov I.A. Psikhotekhnika vostochnykh edinoborstv (Vostochno-aziatskaya klassicheskaya kontseptsiya psikhologicheskoy podgotovki edinobortsev). Mn., 2005. 4. Dolin A.A., Maslov A. Istoki u-shu. M., 1990. 5. Pino Zhak. Kitayskiy kulak: chan-tsyuan', nan'-tsyuan', syansin-tsyuan', neytszya-tsyuan' / pod red. A.E. Tarasa. Mn., 1997. 6. Pen Che Kim, Dreger D.F. Shaolin' Lokhan' kun-fu / per. s angl. V.Yu. Tsvetkova. M., 2005. 7. Trubnikov B.G. Boevye shkoly i sistemy mira: slovar'-spravochnik. Moskva; Sankt-Peterburg, 2006. 8. Chertovskikh E.V., Glebov E.I. Shaolin'skoe ushu. Rostov n/D, 2002.

Received

2015-02-12

Section of issue

Language. cognition. culture

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