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The main peculiarities of the syntactic structure of utterances which contain descriptions of the so-called interoceptive sensations are considered. Interoceptive sensations are commonly defined as signals located in the internal milieu of the body and characterizing its physiological state. Unlike exteroceptive sensations (visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, and tactile), interoceptive sensations remain understudied in the Humanities in general, and in Linguistics in particular. Meanwhile, they are of considerable interest to linguists due to the specificity of ways of naming. The basic feature of interoceptive vocabulary is metaphoricity, as there are no special terms to define specifically this type of sensation. The metaphorical character of naming, however, does not imply that interoceptive sensations are verbalized exclusively through the classical metaphorical structure A is B. On the contrary, the most commonly used construction is that of classical simile (A is like B). The functions of both constructions, their semantic and cognitive load and reveals the factors that determine the choice of this or that construction are described. It was concluded that the classical metaphor represents the choice of a ready-made cognitive decision out of all potentially possible, whereas simile reflects the process of searching for the optimal cognitive decision in the situation when the interoceptive sensation is new for the experiencer.


interoceptive sensation; metaphor; simile

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Language. cognition. culture

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