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DISCUSSION OF RENT LEGISLATION IN THE COMMITTEE OF SPECIAL CONFERENCE ABOUT THE NEEDS OF AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY IN ORYOL PROVINCE

Annotation

Different views on the existing in Russian empire at the end of XIX - the beginning of XX century in the system of land rent, which were discussed in uyezd and province committees of Special Conference about the needs of agricultural industry (1902-1905) in Oryol province are reviewed. The views of the representatives of different social groups on the drawbacks and defects of rent legislation of Russian empire are discussed. The meaning of rent of land for development of agriculture of Oryol province at the end of XIX - the beginning of XX century is revealed. The peculiarities of practical realization of the existing legal norms are reviewed. The difficulties which the farmers and landlord faced are illustrated and also different proposals directed on overcoming them are presented. The positions of the representatives of conservative and liberal directions related to this problem are revealed, the differences and common features are shown in their views. It is shown, that during the discussion at the same time with protection of landlord’s interests, the search of optimal rights correlation is also important. On the basis of statistic materials, the evidence of the people living in that time, research literature of the end of XIX - the beginning of XX centuries the problems of land rent are revealed and they were both characteristic feature of Oryol province and of Russia in general.

Keywords

peasant’s economy; land rent; social opinion; Russia

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UDC

94(47).083:336

Pages

157-163

References

1. Alymova N.I. K voprosu ob ideynykh predposylkakh stolypinskoy agrarnoy reformy (po materialam Orlovskogo gubernskogo komiteta Osobogo soveshchaniya o nuzhdakh sel'skokhozyaystvennoy promyshlennosti) // P.A. Stolypin: preobrazuya nastoyashchee, tvorit' budushchee: sbornik nauchnykh statey. Orel, 2011. 2. Yanson Yu.E. Opyt statisticheskogo issledovaniya o krest'yanskikh nadelakh i platezhakh. Spb., 1877. 3. Karyshev N.A. Trud, ego rol' i usloviya prilozheniya v proizvodstve. Spb., 1897. 4. Sbornik statisticheskikh svedeniy po Orlovskoy gubernii. Orel, 1902. T. 6. Vyp. 2. 5. Doklad (№ 3) byuro Komiteta ob usloviyakh razvitiya krest'yanskoy arendy v Rossii // Trudy mestnykh komitetov... T. 28. Orlovskaya guberniya. 6. Vsepoddanneyshiy otchet Saratovskogo gubernatora P. Stolypina za 1904 god // Krasnyy arkhiv. Moskva; Leningrad, 1926. T. 17. 7. Maslov S.L. Krest'yanskaya arenda v Orlovskoy gubernii: (Po dannym zemskoy statistiki). Kazan', 1902. 8. Zhurnal zasedaniya 30 yanvarya 1903 g. // Trudy mestnykh komitetov... T. 28. Orlovskaya guberniya. 9. Terner F.G. Gosudarstvo i zemlevladenie. Spb., 1901. 10. Osoboe mnenie A. Stakhovicha // Trudy mestnykh komitetov... T. 28. Orlovskaya guberniya. 11. Doklad uezdnogo chlena okruzhnogo suda N.P. Kagal'nikova ob arendakh // Trudy mestnykh komitetov... T. 28. Orlovskaya guberniya.

Received

2015-04-14

Section of issue

Social history of russia

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