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CONDITIONS AND PREREQUISITES OF AN INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF PROFESSIONAL LEGAL PUBLIC ASSOCIATIONS IN RUSSIA

Annotation

The process of institutionalization of legal professional public associations in Russia and conditions affecting the process is analyzed. It is noted that the development of professional associations of lawyers in Russia was the result of a number of specific events in the public life of the Russian state. In particular the fact that the legal profession has long been in non-institutionalized condition that hindered legal support of social processes and an increase in the value of the right. As conditions and preconditions of formation of professional legal public associations in Russia, such as: professionalization in the field of law and development of legal education; judicial reform of 1864, the result of which was the formation of the basic law of corporations; the creation of the legal community of scientific circles, which became the prototype of a community legal professional associations and the formation of legal regulation of professional legal activity of public associations, fixing the rules of registration and liquidation of societies and unions are considered. The conclusion about the importance of law societies in the process of formation of public associations of lawyers, which was due to the fact that they joined representatives of the judiciary, juror and private lawyers, prosecutors and representatives of the faculty. Members of the law societies were often at the same time representatives of both science and practice. The legal community was composed of representatives of the nobility and the upper bourgeoisie, which were the basis of the Russian intellectuals of that period.

Keywords

professional legal associations; legal corporations; professionalization; judicial reform of 1864; legal community

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UDC

340

Pages

56-64

References

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Received

2015-04-24

Section of issue

Civil society and state

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