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SUPPORT OF ORPHANS AND CHILDREN, LEFT WITHOUT PARENTAL SUPPORT IN THE SYSTEM OF PREPARATION FOR INDEPENDENT LIFE

Annotation

Analysis of literature for preparation of orphans and children, left without parental support for independent life has shown that support is the most effective technology for the formation of independent skills in children. Support is reviewed as technology of social work, which includes: a system of knowledge about effective ways of solving the problem (groups of problems) for orphans and children, left without parental support in adapting them for the society; gradual solution of the problems on the basis of the diagnostic definition of objectives, design and implementation activities of all the methods of interacting entities. Support is organized in institutions for orphans and children, left without parental support, and in the post-orphanage period. There are two levels of implementation of the technology support: maintenance of the system (prevention and correction of problems characteristic for the system as a whole) and case management of a child with his or her specific problem (groups of problems). Diagnostic, consultative and projective, activity, estimation these are the stages of support of orphans and children, left without parental support. System of support includes the development of training programs for orphans and children, left without parental support for independent life. The features of these programs are marked. The conditions of success of support of orphans in the training for independent life are characterized.

Keywords

support; orphans and children, left without parental support; independence; preparation for independent life; technology of support of orphans and children, left without parental support

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UDC

36+378

Pages

101-107

References

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Received

2015-06-03

Section of issue

Problems of youth’s socialization in modern world

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