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Efficiency of home system of punishments: problems of criminal-legal theory and legal applied practice

Annotation

The home system of punishments within effective realization of criminal responsibility which is today is one of the main according to the volume and most differentiated among national criminal legislations. It is concluded that this system isn’t optimally realized and inefficient. The reasons of this situation are analyzed, and directions of its legislative regulation are offered. However, in spite of the fact that it was widen by legislation Federal law from September, 7, 2011, art. 53 CC of RF. And today it contains 3types of punishment connected with labor of guilty persons. Exactly in situation of continuing world economical crisis and keeping mass absence of work in country the attempted correlations are to a certain degree have no logic. For example, row of novels of CC of RF (both forced works and earlier arrest) aren’t supported both materialistically-technically and organizationally, and they can be traditional for home legislation “postponed types of punishment” because of the lack today of the specialized institutions – correctional centers and arrest homes. So, it will discredit criminal-legal policy. As Part 2 art.60 CC of RF allows forced works in other places on the territory of any subject of Russian Federation where are the conditions for their settlement (labor conditions), it is concluded that this destroys principle of equality and decreases the educational potential of this type declared and appointed as alternative of freedom deprivation so that it discredits home criminal-legal policy.

Keywords

types of punishment; fine; correctional works; realization efficiency; other measures of criminal-legal character; non-optimality of criminal responsibility forms; Criminal Code of Russian Federation; optimality of home system of punishments; efficiency of home system of punishments; problems of criminal-legal theory and legal-applied practice

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UDC

343.1

Pages

199-204

References

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Received

2014-05-07

Section of issue

Civil society and state

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