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NICKNAMES BASED ON NAMES AND ESTIMATION VARIANT OF ANTROPONYM

Annotation

An attempt of review of nicknames based on names is made, inserting into the paradigm of native development in the sphere of regional onomastics and antroponymics. Creation of a special meaning of unofficial names concerning human estimation happens because of Tambov town’s nicknames, which were not the subject of special understanding. It is proved, that unofficial form of subject’s nomination finds its bright reflection in binar opposition good - bad . However, estimation within the frames of relations good - bad is not enough to reflect nature and essence of nicknames’ estimation. When it finds wide meaning, estimation sem is included in semantic structure of nickname, the whole range of suffixes show it, these suffixes reflect subjective estimation as estimation element. Conceptual basis of theoretic legacy of contemporary development in onomastic sphere is taken into consideration. The role of cognitive context is found out, also as a role of comparison and metaphoric changing in the forming of the meaning of unofficial namings, which are connected with human estimation. Main types of metaphors, concerning human estimation such as zoometaphor, fitometaphor and subject metaphor are observed. Understanding of additional unofficial name - term “nickname based on name” is proposed.

Keywords

antroponimic category; Tambov nicknames based on names; nomination; estimation

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UDC

81

Pages

225-229

References

1. Novikova O.N. Aspekty kognitivnogo izucheniya imeni sobstvennogo – antroponima // Voprosy kognitivnoy lingvistiki. 2011. № 3. 2. Shcherbak A.S. Kognitivnye osnovy regional'noy onomastiki: monografiya. Tambov, 2012. 3. Rodina N.A. Sovremennye detskie prozvishcha: strukturno-semanticheskiy i funktsional'no-dinamicheskiy aspekty: avtoref. dis. … kand. filol. nauk. Kaliningrad, 2014. 4. Zhalnina E.V. Dialektnaya leksika kak otrazhenie regional'noy antroponimicheskoy kartiny mira: avtoref. dis. … kand. filol. nauk. Tambov, 2013. 5. Shostka E.S. Prozvishcha Tambovskoy oblasti: yazykovoy i sotsiokul'turnyy aspekt: avtoref. dis. … kand. filol. nauk. Tambov, 2009. 6. Shcherbak A.S., Burykin A.A. K probleme vyyavleniya otlichitel'nykh osobennostey prozvishch ot lichnogo imeni // Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye nauki. Tambov, 2009. Vyp. 9 (77). S. 213-217. 7. Podol'skaya N.V. Slovar' russkoy onomasticheskoy terminologii. M., 1988. 8. Shcherbak A.S. Regional'naya onomastika v kognitivnom aspekte: monografiya. Tambov, 2008. 9. Galieva M.R. Kognitivnyy printsip binarnosti v religioznoy kartine mira // Voprosy kognitivnoy lingvistiki. 2014. № 2. S. 56-65. 10. Lakoff Dzh., Dzhonson M. Metafory, kotorymi my zhivem. M., 2004. 11. Wójtowicz M. Prozvishche // Drevnerusskaya antroponimiya XIV–XV vv. Severo-Vostochnaya Rus'. Poznań, 1986.

Received

2015-07-16

Section of issue

Language. cognition. culture

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