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HOW TO WRITE AN ABSTRACT TO SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE?

Annotation

Abstracts are accompanied by texts of different style and genre: books, articles, manuscripts and publications. Abstract are necessary for readers, editors, compilers, reviewers and authors themselves in order to get an idea about oncoming reading, to help to choose, to classify and not to lose article among others of the similar topics. The main purpose of an abstract is to convey theme and main idea of the article, its most important theses and differences from other articles of similar subject. It has to show special aspects of the article according to its purpose and content, novelty, relevance and uniqueness without citing or retelling the text. Abstract also makes search and information functions: it shows relevance of the article to the topic. It is important in the modern scientific world, where search of information is made by automatically computer systems basing on specified algorithms. Cooperation with foreign scientific institutes and publications in English-speaking periodical require to send articles with abstracts in English. Abstract in English addresses to readers, who do not speak Russian, that is why it should be competent and equivalent to the text of the article.

Keywords

source of information; abstract; structure; editing

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2016-21-12(164)-173-177

UDC

002

Pages

173-177

References

1. GOST 7.9-95 (ISO 214-76) SIBID. Referat i annotatsiya. Obshchie trebovaniya [State Standard 7.9-95 (ISO 214-76) SIBID. Summary and abstract. Main regulations]. Moscow, Publishing and Printing Complex Izdatel'stvo standartov, 2001. (In Russian). 2. Sysoyv P.V. Pravila napisaniya annotatsii [Rules for writing an abstract]. Inostrannye yazyki v shkole [Foreign languages for school], 2009, no. 4, pp. 81-83. (In Russian). 3. Kirillova O.V. Redaktsionnaya podgotovka nauchnykh zhurnalov po mezhdunarodnym standartam. Rekomendatsii eksperta BD Scopus [Editorial preparing of scientific journals according to international standards. Requirements made by Scopus expert], part 1. Moscow, 2013. 90 p. (In Russian). 4. Kirillova O.V. Redaktsionnaya podgotovka nauchnykh zhurnalov dlya vklyucheniya v za-rubezhnye indeksy tsitirovaniya: metodicheskie rekomendatsii [Editorial preparing of scientific journals for inclusion in the foreign citation indexes: Guidelines]. Moscow, 2012. 68 p. Available at: http://www.viniti.ru/download/russian/ conf/DOP/Ol.pdf (accessed 10.08.2016). 5. Pravila napisaniya annotatsii [Rules for writing an abstract], compiler S.P. Akutina. Centre of scientific thought LLC “NOU “Vektor nauki”. Available at: http://vektornauki.rf/doc/anno-tacia.doc (accessed 10.08.2016). 6. Kak napisat' annotatsiyu k nauchnoy stat'e: pravila i primery [How to write an abstract to scientific article: rules and examples]. Nauchnye Stat'i.Ru/Blog/Nauchnye stat'i/ [Nauchniestati.Ru/Blog/Scientific articles]. Available at: http://nauchniestati.ru/blog/kak-napisat-annota-ciyu/ (accessed 26.02.2016).

Received

2016-09-17

Section of issue

The issues of scientific journals’ improvement of quality

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