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THE EVOLUTION OF THE INSTITUTION OF MARRIAGE IN SOVIET RUSSIA: FROM MARRIAGE REGRESSION TO CONSERVATIVE FAMILY (1917-1920-s)

Annotation

The evolution of the ideological and legal concepts of marriage and family in Soviet Russia in the period from 1917 until the end of 1920-s is analyzed. It is revealed that one of the reasons for the transformation of ideas about marriage and the family is the obvious devastating social and legal implications of the revolutionary experiment in marriage-family relations to the state. The legal and social regulators behavioral patterns of the population in the marriage-family relations, the development of appropriate legislation are considered. The process of changing the legislation in marriage-family sphere and the practice of state regulation of marriage-family relations in the post-revolutionary period from the beginning of the revolution proclaimed “freedom of love” to tighten policy in this matter in the second half of 1920-s are analyzed. The process of synchronizing change the ideology of marriage-family relations and the relevant legislation is traced. It is alleged that the practice of development and application in the 20 years the rules of marriage-family relations on the basis of a revolutionary-innovative ideas do not stand the test of public life practice. The revolutionary experiment led to a devaluation of behavioral norms, to the loss of many human norms of behavior control. The traditional family has confirmed its significance as the most important social institution.

Keywords

revolution; marriage; family; morality; virtue; behavior; power; values; interdiction; austerity; daily life; decree; law

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2016-21-7/8(159/160)-104-109

UDC

94(47).084.3

Pages

104-109

References

1. Il'in I. Razrushenie sem'i v sovetskom gosudarstve. Sobranie sochineniy: v 10 t. [Destuction of family in Soviet State. Collected edition: in 10 vols.]. Moscow, 1998, vol. 7. (In Russian). 2. SU RSFSR (Sobranie uzakoneniy RSFSR) [Code of justice of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic]. (In Russian). 3. Luk'yanovich D. Grazhdanskie braki i demograficheskaya situatsiya v strane [Civil marriage and demographic situation in the country]. Available at: http://biblecollege.by (accessed 21.02.2016). 4. Marks K., Engel's F. Sochineniya: v 50 t. [Collected editions: in 50 vols.]. Moscow, 1961, vol. 21, p. 131. (In Russian). 5. Kollontay A. Novaya moral' i rabochiy klass [New morality and the working class]. Moscow, 2015. (In Russian). 6. Kollontay A. Lyubov' pchel trudovykh [Love of the working bees]. Moscow, Petrograd, 1924. (In Russian). 7. Gavrov S.N. Istoricheskoe izmenenie institutov sem'i i braka [Historical changes of the institution of the family]. Moscow, 2015. (In Russian). 8. Marks K., Engel's F. Sochineniya: v 50 t. [Collected editions: in 50 vols.]. Moscow, 1961, vol. 21, p. 8. (In Russian). 9. Polyanskiy P.L. Pravovoe regulirovanie brachno-semeynykh otnosheniy v rossiyskom obshchestve. Istoriko-pravovoe issledovanie [Legal regulation of matrimonial relations in Russian society. Historical and legal investigation]. Moscow, 2016. (In Russian). 10. Kovaleva A.V. Transformatsiya ponyatiya “grazhdanskiy brak” kak proyavlenie krizisa semeyno-brachnykh otnosheniy [Transformation of concept of civil marriage as a demonstration of matrimonial relations’ crisis]. Avtoreferat dissertatsii … kandidata sotsiologicheskikh nauk. Khabarovsk, 2013. (In Russian). 11. Smirnov A. Ocherki semeynykh otnosheniy po obychnomu pravu russkogo naroda [Notes on family relations in general law of Russians]. Moscow, 2015. (In Russian).

Received

2016-03-29

Section of issue

Social history of russia

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