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THE EVOLUTION OF THE INSTITUTION OF MARRIAGE IN SOVIET RUSSIA: FROM MARRIAGE REGRESSION TO CONSERVATIVE FAMILY (1917-1920-s)
The evolution of the ideological and legal concepts of marriage and family in Soviet Russia in the period from 1917 until the end of 1920-s is analyzed. It is revealed that one of the reasons for the transformation of ideas about marriage and the family is the obvious devastating social and legal implications of the revolutionary experiment in marriage-family relations to the state. The legal and social regulators behavioral patterns of the population in the marriage-family relations, the development of appropriate legislation are considered. The process of changing the legislation in marriage-family sphere and the practice of state regulation of marriage-family relations in the post-revolutionary period from the beginning of the revolution proclaimed “freedom of love” to tighten policy in this matter in the second half of 1920-s are analyzed. The process of synchronizing change the ideology of marriage-family relations and the relevant legislation is traced. It is alleged that the practice of development and application in the 20 years the rules of marriage-family relations on the basis of a revolutionary-innovative ideas do not stand the test of public life practice. The revolutionary experiment led to a devaluation of behavioral norms, to the loss of many human norms of behavior control. The traditional family has confirmed its significance as the most important social institution.
revolution; marriage; family; morality; virtue; behavior; power; values; interdiction; austerity; daily life; decree; law
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Section of issue
Social history of russia
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