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THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AS AN INSTRUMENT OF RUSSIA'S POSITIVE IMAGE FORMATION

Annotation

The importance of civil-patriotic education of students that is realized during the formation of a positive attitude to the mother tongue is discussed. The appeal to the concept of “love for the mother tongue” in the federal state educational standards of general education (in the requirements for personal, meta-subject and subject results of learning educational programs, in the list of characteristics that make up the “Graduate’s portrait”) is analyzed. Examples of precedent texts glorifying Russian language (statements by M.V. Lomonosov, G.R. Derzhavin, I.A. Bunin, A.I. Kuprin, K.G. Paustovsky), and provocative texts (articles by Yu.V. Rozhdestvensky, B. Meltsa, M.N. Epshteyna, D.L. Bykov) are given. The importance for a combination of rhetorical and grammatical approaches in Russian language teaching is proved. Detailed description of the content and structure of the workbook, developed in order to foster positive attitudes of pupils to their native language and form the national value orientations (country, morality, conscience, dignity, honesty, love, kindness, honor) in their minds, is given. It is proved the importance of learning within the subject field “Philology”, the state's history and language, different language areas. Attempt to determine the nature of love to the mother tongue basing on article by S. Averintsev “Panegyric for Philology”, which reveals the originality of “intellectual love” to the language, is made.

Keywords

value orientations; historicism language picture of the world; methods of teaching; socialization of schoolchildren; the standard the precedent text; provocative lyrics

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2016-21-9(161)-15-22

UDC

37+811.161.1’06

Pages

15-22

References

1. Russian Federation. (2009) Order № 373 of the Ministry of Education and Science on October 6, 2009, Ob utverzhdenii i vvedenii v deystvie federal'nogo gosudarstvennogo obrazovatel'nogo standarta nachal'nogo obshchego obrazovaniya [About confirmation and enactment Federal State Education Standards of Elementary General Education]. Available at: http://минобрнауки. рф/документы/922 (accessed 02.02.2016). 2. Russian Federation. (2010) Order № 1897 of the Ministry of Education and Science on Deccember 17, 2010, Ob utverzhdenii i vvedenii v deystvie federal'nogo gosudarstvennogo obrazovatel'nogo standarta osnovnogo obshchego obrazovaniya [About confirmation and enactment Federal State Education Standards of Basic General Education]. Available at: http://минобрнау-ки.рф/документы/938 (accessed 02.02.2016). 3. Russian Federation. (2010) Order № 1897 of the Ministry of Education and Science on Deccember 17, 2010, Ob utverzhdenii i vvedenii v deystvie federal'nogo gosudarstvennogo obrazovatel'nogo standarta srednego obshchego obrazovaniya [About confirmation and enactment Federal State Education Standards of Secondary General Education]. Available at: http://минобрнау-ки.рф/документы/543 (accessed 02.02.2016). 4. Simfoniya razuma [Symphony of mind]. Moscow, Molodaya gvardiya Publ., 1977. (In Russian). 5. Mel'ts. B. U russkogo yazyka net budushchego [Russian language has no future]. Vecherniy N'yu-York, 2001, May 4. (In Russian). 6. Rozhdestvenskiy Yu.V. Khorosh li russkiy yazyk [Is Russian language good enough]? Literaturnaya gazeta, 1996, September 4. (In Russian). 7. Epshteyn M. Russkiy yazyk: sistema i svoboda [Russian language: system and freedom]. Available at: http://gramma.ru/RUS/?id=1.49 (accessed 04.02.2016). 8. Interv'yu Dmitriya Bykova programme “Osoboe mnenie” na radiostantsii “Ekho Moskvy” [D. Bykov is interview to the program “Special Opinion” on the radio station “Echo of Moscow”]. 2014, June 4. Available at: http://echo.msk.ru/programs/personalno/1350774-echo/ (accessed 04.02.2016). 9. Patriarkh Moskovskiy i vseya Rusi Kirill. Sem' slov o russkom mire: sbornik [Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and all Rus'. Seven words about Russian world: digest]. Moscow, Vsemirnyy russkiy narodnyy sobor Publ., 2015. 120 p. (In Russian). 10. Isakovskiy M. Slovo o Rossii: sbornik stikhov [A word about Russia: collection of poems]. Moscow, 1977. (In Russian). 11. Miroshnichenko N. Rus' [Rus’]. Literaturnaya gazeta, 2002, no. 12, 27.03 – 2.04. (In Russian). 12. Danilyuk A.Ya., Kondakov A.M., Tishkov V.A. Kontseptsiya dukhovno-nravstvennogo razvitiya i vospitaniya lichnosti grazhdanina Rossii: Standarty 2 pokoleniya [Concept on spiritual and moral development of personality of a Russian citizen: Standarts of 2nd generation]. Moscow, Prosveshchenie Publ., 2010. (In Russian). 13. Tambovskie pisateli – detyam: khrestomatiya dlya chteniya [Tambov writers – to children: reading-book], compiler G.M. Pervova. Tambov, “Yulis” Publ., 2008. (In Russian). 14. Pervova G.M., Chebotareva T.A. Rodnoy yazyk kak tsennost' i sredstvo dukhovno-nravstvennogo vospitaniya detey i molodezhi [Mother tongue as a value and mean of children and youth spiritual and moral development]. Materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii Grazhdanskoe i dukhovno-nravstvennoe vospitanie studencheskoy molodezhi: sovremennye podkhody: [Proceedings of the International scientific and practical conference “Civic spiritual and moral development of students: modern approaches”]. Tambov, Publishing House of Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin, 2016, pp. 121-124. (In Russian). 15. Averintsev S. Pokhval'noe slovo filologii [Panegyric for Philology]. Yunost' – Youth, 1969, no. 1. (In Russian).

Received

2016-03-17

Section of issue

Theory and methods of russian language teaching

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