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Approaches to career guidance in educational institutions


The career guidance in an educational institution is considered. It has been determined that the professional development of the individual begins with the moment when a person first thinks about future activities, trying to identify the range of his/her interests and the amount of knowledge needed to achieve the goal. The concept, features, functions, methods and main activities of vocational guidance activities aimed at human activation in formation and self-improvement of mental, intellectual and physical qualities that determine success in profession chosen are analyzed. The approaches for the construction of the professional future of students, in the implementation of which fundamentally new technologies and techniques are used, aimed not only to a new theoretical understanding of career guidance, but also on solving of a number of organizational issues are disclosed in detail. It is proved that today we need to train specialists, capable of functional adaptation in various fields, who are able to independently design and implement their educational and professional values, i.e. the preparation of a person capable of the lifelong education and development throughout his life. Therefore, professional adaptation as an important stage of professional self-determination of a person are looked into in detail. The essence of career guidance is to help the student make the correct choice initially. Therefore, special sessions on career counseling of high school students, meeting with students, with professional counselors, job centers employees will help to reduce unemployment among young people and reduce training costs and will form the basis for professional selection.


career guidance; principles; methods; professional self-determination; profession

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Section of issue

Questions of social pedagogy and social work

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