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Main requirements to shire reeve’s post on a counter-reform of Alexander III

Annotation

The institution of the shire reeve can be actually named one of the few unsolved problems in the history of Russia at the end of XIX - the beginning of XX centuries. The highest decree from July 12, 1889 in the provinces by the Russian Empire were introduced the judicial administrative institutions in the person of the shire reeve. The basic requirements applied to the shire reeve’s post of post-reform villages are discussed. Analysis of the staff composition of the shire reeve shows that such positions were occupied by hereditary noblemen, mostly landowners, seldom with a legal education. Although the law of 1889 provided for the termination of one of Empire universities, there were not enough people with this kind of education. In the end, this post could even get those who had unfinished education at home. As for the question of hereditary nobles’ appointment, here it is easily explained by the fact that hereditary nobility was regarded by the monarchy as a pillar of the monarchy. A mandatory condition of approval in the office of the shire reeve was political reliability. Specific examples are given in the text. The age limit for this position was 25 years, but in 1904 was lowered to 21. Thus, in the course of the reform, the level of status requirements for candidates for the post of the shire reeve was down and was generally low. It was supposed that locally there exist a sufficient number of persons possessing the qualifications for appointment to the position. But the problem was that there were not enough such people. Most saw their work as something temporary until you had something more appropriate. This work contributes greatly to detailed research of counter-reform of Alexander III.

Keywords

shire reeve; requirements; age limit; hereditary nobleman; peasants

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2017-22-1(165)-86-92

UDC

93

Pages

86-92

References

1. Buzanova N.A. Zemskie nachal'niki Tambovskoy gubernii i ikh rol' v zhizni russkogo krest'yanstva [Territorial chiefs of the Tambov province and their role in life of the Russian peasantry]. Social'no-ekonomicheskie yavleniya i processy – Social and economic phenomena and processes, 2013, no. 6, pp. 182-187. (In Russian). 2. Vilenskiy V.B. Sudebnaya reforma i kontrreforma v Rossii [Judicial Reform and Counter-reform in Russia]. Saratov, 1969. (In Russian). 3. Bol'shaya entsiklopediya [The Great Encyclopedia]. S.N. Yuzhakov (ed.). St. Petersburg, 1903, vol. 9. (In Russian). 4. Chagin S. Pravila ob ustroystve sudebnoy chasti v mestnostyakh, v kotorykh vvedeno Polozhenie o zemskikh uchastkovykh nachal'nikakh [Rules of Court System Structure in Areas Where Decree About Shire Reeve Is Valid]. St. Petersburg, 1905. (In Russian). 5. Zayonchkovskiy P.A. Rossiyskoe samoderzhavie v kontse XIX v. [Russian Monarchy in the End of the XIX Century]. Moscow, 1970. (In Russian). 6. Polivanov V. Zapiski zemskogo nachal'nika [Notes by Shire Reeve]. Russkaya mysl' [Russian thought]. Moscow, Petrograd, 1917, no. 3-4. (In Russian). 7. Moskovskie vedomosti [Moscow News], 1885. (In Russian). 8. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Tambovskoy oblasti [The State Archive of Tambov Region], fund 26, list 3, file 1605. (In Russian). 9. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Tambovskoy oblasti [The State Archive of Tambov Region], fund 26, list 1, file 1605. (In Russian). 10. Gurko V.I. Cherty i siluety proshlogo: pravitel'stvo i obshchestvennost' v izobrazhenii sovremennika [Features and Silhouettes of Past: Government and Society in Representing Modernity]. Moscow, 2000. (In Russian). 11. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Tambovskoy oblasti [The State Archive of Tambov Region], fund 161, list 1, file 8826. (In Russian). 12. Entsiklopedicheskiy slovar' russkogo bibliograficheskogo instituta Granat [The Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Granat Russian Bibliographical Institute]. Moscow, Granat Russian Bibliographical Institute Publ., 1927, vol. 42, 400 p. (In Russian). 13. Grazhdanin [Citizen], 1896, 31 October. (In Russian). 14. Rukovodstvo po administrativnym i sudebnym delam dlya zemskikh nachal'nikov, volostnykh sudov, sel'skikh i volostnykh skhodov [Manual of Administrative and Courtcases for Shire Reeve, Volost Court, Rural and Volost Gathering]. A.K. Anastasev (compiler). Chernigov, 1891, vol. 1. (In Russian).

Received

2016-10-17

Section of issue

National history

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