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PROPAGATION OF SECTARIANISM IN THE GREAT RUSSIAN VILLAGE ON THE CUSP OF XIX-XX CENTURIES

Annotation

The reasons for the propagation of sectarianism on the cusp of XIX-XX centuries are analyzed. The objective of this work is to identify the causes of the propagation of sectarianism among the rural workers. The relationship of the peasantry and parish clergy (fee for religious rites, maintenance of Church services) is considered. It is proved that the outer side of religion (rituals, traditions, rituals) was predominant in the spiritual life of peasants. The ratio of rural workers to the priests depended on the performance of the parish clergy of the Church duties. Superficial knowledge of the tenets of the faith and religious activities of preachers (for example, V.A. Pashkov) contributed to the religious thinking and truth-seeking rural workers, which was reflected in the different interpretations of the Christian faith (Staev’s followers). It is revealed that the influence of religious-philosophical teaching of L.N. Tolstoy did not depend on personal propaganda of writer, and was spread in the great village slightly. The interaction of Orthodox peasants and sectarians based on the example of two communities Ranenburgskaya district of the Ryazan province is considered. Molokans has had a positive impact on their Orthodox villagers because of their way of life. One of the main reasons for the propagation of sectarianism formed the conditions of the urban environment that shaped the Orthodox tillers of different ideas about religion (Baptists, Molokans, Pashkov’s followers). The position of peasant sectarians in the country at the beginning of the XX century “before” and “after” the publication of the decree of April 17, 1906, which equate the rights of old believers and sectarians with Orthodox is studied.

Keywords

external side of Orthodoxy; justice; sectarianism; own creed; conditions of urban environment; equal rights

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2017-22-2(166)-98-105

UDC

433

Pages

98-105

References

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Received

2017-01-26

Section of issue

National history

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