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The content of the physical education programs in schools of Europe and Russia

Annotation

In all countries the physical education in primary and secondary schools is a compulsory course. It is considered how physical culture as a system is implemented in public life. The peculiarities of physical education in the schools of Europe and Russia are revealed. The becoming of the process of physical education of school children in different countries is studied and the comparative analysis is carried out. The attention is paid to the analysis of the programs of physical education in primary and senior grades. At picture 1 the qualitative and quantitative aims are presented, set before physical education in primary and secondary educational institutions. At picture 2 and 3 the most widespread compulsory and facultative types of physical activity are listed (track and field athletics, team sports, gymnastics, health and fitness, swimming, winter team sports and others) in primary and secondary educational institutions of different countries of Europe. In the conclusion the generalization of Russian and European experience is presented and the attention is paid to the problem solving of modern physical education.

Keywords

physical education; educational programs of physical education; primary and secondary educational institution

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2017-22-5(169)-120-125

UDC

355.233.22

Pages

120-125

References

1. Alekseev S.V., Gostev R.G., Kuramshin Y.F., Lotonenko A.V., Lubysheva L.I. Fizicheskaya kul'tura i sport v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: novye vyzovy sovremennosti [Physical Culture and Sport in Russian Federation: New Challenges of Modernity]. Moscow, Scientific and Publishing Center “Theory and practice of physical culture and sport”, 2013, 780 p. (In Russian). 2. Balsevich V.K. Kontseptsiya al'ternativnykh form organizatsii fizicheskogo vospitaniya detey i molodezhi [Concept of alternative forms of organization of physical education of children and youth]. Fizicheskaya kul'tura: vospitanie, obrazovanie, trenirovka [Physical Culture: Upbringing, Education, Training], 1996, no. 1, pp. 23-25. (In Russian). 3. Zaynutdinov L. Organizatsionnye formy fizicheskogo vospitaniya i razvitiya shkol'nogo sporta v zarubezhnykh stranakh [Organizational forms of physical education and athletics in foreign countries]. Sport v shkole [Sport for School], 2008, no. 23 (448). (In Russian). 4. Lubysheva L.I. Sportivnaya kul'tura v shkole [Sports Culture in School]. Moscow, Scientific and Publishing Center “Theory and practice of physical culture and sports”, 2006, 174 p. (In Russian). 5. Order of Ministry of Sport of the Russian Federation no. 730 of September 12, 2013, Ob utverzhdenii federal'nykh gosudarstvennykh trebovaniy k minimumu soderzhaniya, strukture, usloviyam realizatsii dopolnitel'nykh predprofessional'nykh programm v oblasti fizicheskoy kul'tury i sporta i k srokam obucheniya po etim programmam [About the statement of Federal state requirements to the minimum content, structure, conditions of implementation of additional pre-professional programs in the field of physical culture and sports and terms of training in these programs]. Moscow, 2013. (In Russian). 6. L’éducation physique Rapport Eurydice et le sport à l'école en Europe. Luxembourg, Éducation, audiovisuel et culture, 2013. (In French). 7. Mota J., Santos P., Guerra S., Ribeiro J.C., Duarte J.A. Patterns of daily physical activity during school days in children and adolescents. American Journal of Human Biology, 2003, no. 15 (4), pp. 547-553. 8. Rikard G.L., Banville D. High school student attitudes about physical education. Sport, Education and Society, 2006, no. 11 (4), pp. 385-400. (In Russian). 9. Trost S.G., Rosenkranw R.R. Physical activity levels among children attending after-school program. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, no. 40 (4), 2008, pp. 622-629. (In Russian). 10. Wohl A. Sociologies culture fizycznej. Zeros problematic. Warszawa, 1979, 392 p. (In Polish).

Received

2017-06-14

Section of issue

Theory and methods of physical training teaching

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