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Historical aspects of program-methodological support formation of ballet-artists’ preparation in dance schools

Annotation

Historical aspects of ballet education development are considered. The role of Peter the Great the reformer of cultural life of Russia is marked, as he introduced music and dance in Russian society everyday life. His revolutionary decree of assemblies obliged all state institutions to teach ball dance obligatorily. These reformations made the post of dancing-master very hard to reach. The performances of ballet companies, musicians and opera singers, who were invited from abroad, were held in palace halls. The first school of ballet art was organized. The history of Russian ballet saves in memory the names of Ch. Didelot, M. Petipa, A. Saint-Leon, S. Diaghilev, M. Fomin and many other masters of dance art, who made a great input in the formation of Russian choreography. The peculiarities of program-methodological support of ballet education in different historical periods are revealed. The archive materials of Saint-Petersburg Theatre School and Moscow Emperor’s Theatre Academy, establishing the system of ballet professional education: criteria and order of admission, principles and content of educational work and etc. The idea of graded (additive) preparation of ballet artists as organizational form of education, integrating general-theoretical and special (performance, pedagogic, choreographic) preparation is founded. The federal state educational standards of secondary vocational education in the sphere of choreography are analyzed. The organizational-structural formations in the system of ballet dancers’ preparation are revealed.

Keywords

ballet dancer’s preparation; ballet pedagogy; school; theatre school; decree; training college; dance school; choreography education; methodological support; state standards; curriculum; educational programs

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2017-22-5(169)-126-137

UDC

377.5+37.036.5

Pages

126-137

References

1. Dogorova H.A. Stanovlenie i razvitie pedagogicheskikh sistem v khoreograficheskoy kul'ture: ot XVII do nachala XX veka. Avtoref. diss. … kand. iskusstvovedeniya [Becoming and Development of Pedagogical Systems in Choreography Culture: from XVII till the beginning of XX century. Cand. art hist sci. diss. abstr.]. Saransk, Mordovian State University Named After N.P. Ogarev, 2006. (In Russian). 2. Materialy po istorii russkogo baleta. 200 let Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo khoreograficheskogo. uchilishcha, 1738–1938 [Materials of Russian Ballet History. 200 Years of Leningrad State Choreography Academy, 1738–1938]. M. Borisoglebskiy (compiler). Leningrad, Leningrad Dance School, 1938–1939. T. 1: Proshloe baletnogo otdeleniya Peterburgskogo teatral'nogo uchilishcha, nyne Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo khoreograficheskogo uchilishcha [1738–1888]. 1938, 380 p., T. 2: Proshloe baletnogo otdeleniya Peterburgskogo teatral'nogo uchilishcha, nyne Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo khoreograficheskogo uchilishcha [1888–1918]. 1939, 356 p. (In Russian). 3. Vsevolodskiy-Gerngross V.N. Istoriya teatral'nogo obrazovaniya v Rossii. T. 1: XVII i XVIII vv. [The History of Theatre Education in Russia. Vol. 1: XVII and XVIII Centuries]. St. Petersburg, Directorate of the Imperial Theatres, 1913. 463 p. (In Russian). 4. Fomkin A.V. Istoricheskie traditsii sovremennogo baletnogo obrazovaniya (na materiale deyatel'nosti Tantseval'noy Eya Imperatorskogo Velichestva shkoly – Akademii Russkogo baleta im. A.Ya. Vaganovoy). Diss. … kand. ped. nauk [Historical Traditions of Modern Ballet Education (Basing on Materials of Activity of Her Imperial Majesty Dance School – Academy of Russian Ballet named after A.Ya. Vaganovoy). Cand. ped. sci. diss.]. St. Petersburg, 2009. (In Russian). 5. Istoriya khudozhestvennogo obrazovaniya v Rossii XX veka [The History of Artistic Education in Russia in XX century]. Y.V. Golobokov (ed.). Moscow, 2002, vol. 1. (In Russian). 6. Starikova L.M. Teatral'naya zhizn' Rossii v epokhu Elizavety Petrovny: Dokumental'naya khronika, 1741–1750 [Theatre Life of Russia in Elizabeth Petrovna’s Epoch: Documentary Chronicle, 1741–1750]. Moscow, 2003, part 2. (In Russian). 7. Sollertinskiy I.I. Stat'i o balete [Ballet Articles]. Leningrad, Muzyka Publ. Leningrad Department, 1973, 206 p. (In Russian). 8. Blok L.D. Klassicheskiy tanets: istoriya i sovremennost' [Classical Dance: History and Modern Age]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1987, 556 p. (In Russian). 9. Yureva M.N. Lichnostno-professional'noe stanovlenie studenta-khoreografa v vuze: metodologiya, teoriya, praktika [Personal and Professional Formation of Student-Choreographer at the University: Methodology, Theory, Practice]. Tambov, LLC “Center-press”, 2010, 424 p. (In Russian).

Received

2017-06-14

Section of issue

History of pedagogical education

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