Menu: Home :: go to Journal :: switch to Russian :: switch to English
You are here: all Journals and Issues→ Journal→ Issue→ Article

System differentiation as a pattern and principle of education

Annotation

The concept of “system differentiation” is revealed, the evolution of the ideas of system differentiation found in the scientific literature is traced, the main requirements to the educational process in higher and secondary education are pointed out. It is shown that the process of teaching in secondary and higher schools based on the principle of systemic differentiation has a personality-oriented nature and involves schoolchildren and students in a step-by-step system of tasks, types and forms of activity and communication. The development of cognitive structures in ontogenesis goes through their progressive complication in accordance with the principle of systems differentiation. This principle reads that more advanced and highly ordered cognitive structures are developing only from more simple and diffusional structures through their gradual differentiation. The education based on the principle of systems differentiation is always a process of solving more and more complicated educational tasks. This process includes three main stages (structural components): 1) introduction-motivation stage; 2) working stage; 3) evaluation stage. These structural components (stages) both exist in the process of teaching special subject and in studying some themes or giving private lessons and other forms of educational lesion in this subject.

Keywords

system differentiation; pedagogical pattern; principle of education; education; teaching; learning

Full-text in one file

Download

DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2017-22-6(170)-107-116

UDC

378.09

Pages

107-116

References

1. Bekhtereva N.P. Zdorovyy i bol'noy mozg cheloveka [Healthy and Sick Human Brain]. Moscow, 2010. (In Russian). 2. Bekhtereva N.P. Magiya mozga i labirinty zhizni [Brain’s Magic and Labyrinths of Life]. Moscow, 2007. (In Russian). 3. Chuprikova N.I. Psikhologiya umstvennogo razvitiya: printsip differentsiatsii [Psychology of Mental Stature: Principe of Differentiation]. Moscow, 1997. (In Russian). 4. Karopa G.N. Printsip sistemnoy differentsiatsii v ekologicheskom obrazovanii [Principe of system differentiation in ecological education]. Pedagogika [Pedagogy], 1998, no. 7, pp. 31-36. (In Russian). 5. Karopa G.N. Ekologicheskoe obrazovanie shkol'nikov: vedushchie tendentsii i paradigmal'nye sdvigi [Ecological Education of Pupils: Lead Tendencies and Paradigmatic Shifts]. Minsk, 2001. (In Russian). 6. Karopa G.N. Teoreticheskie osnovy ekologicheskogo obrazovaniya [Theoretical Basics of Ecological Education]. Minsk, 1999. (In Russian). 7. Edelman G.A. Neural Darwinism: the Theory of Neuronal Group Selection. New York, 1987. 8. Chomsky N. New Horizons in the Study of Language and Mind. Cambridge, 2000. 9. Davydov V.V. Problemy razvivayushchego obucheniya [Problems of Development Education]. Moscow, 1986. (In Russian). 10. Zankov L.V. Izbrannye pedagogicheskie trudy [Selected Pedagogic Works]. Moscow, 1990. (In Russian). 11. Kharlamov I.F. Pedagogika [Pedagogy]. Moscow, 1999. (In Russian). 12. Sechenov I.M. Psikhologiya povedeniya [Behavioral Psychology]. Moscow, 1997. (In Russian). 13. Sechenov I.M. Izbrannye proizvedeniya [Selected Works]. Moscow, 1953. (In Russian). 14. Bernshteyn N.A. Ocherki po fiziologii dvizheniy i fiziologii aktivnosti [Notes on Phisiology of Movement and Phisiology of Activity]. Moscow, 1966. (In Russian). 15. Potebnya A.A. Slovo i mif [Word and Myth]. Moscow, 1989. (In Russian). 16. Piazhe Z. Izbrannye psikhologicheskie trudy [Selected Psychological Works]. Moscow, 1969. (In Russian). 17. Piazhe Z. Geneticheskiy aspekt yazyka i myshleniya [Genetical aspect of language and mind]. Psikholingvistika [Psycholinguistics]. Moscow, 1984, pp. 325-335. (In Russian). 18. Vygotskiy L.S. Pedagogicheskaya psikhologiya [Pedagogical Psychology]. Moscow, 1991. (In Russian). 19. Vygotskiy L.S. Sobranie sochineniy: v 6 t. [Completed Works: in 6 vols.]. Moscow, 1982–1984. (In Russian). 20. Bruner D. Protsess obucheniya [Process of Education]. Moscow, 1962. (In Russian). 21. Bruner D. Psikhologiya poznaniya [Psychology of Knowledge]. Moscow, 1977. (In Russian). 22. Makarova L.N. Prepodavatel' vysshey shkoly: individual'nost', stil', deyatel'nost' [Teacher of the Higher Education: Individuality, Style, Activity]. Tambov, 2000. (In Russian). 23. Edelman G.A. A Universe of Consciousness. How Matter Becomes Imagination. New York, 2001. 24. O’Keefe J., Nadel L. The Hippocampus as a Cognitive Map. Oxford, 1978. 25. Moser M-B., Moser E.I. Functional differentiation in the hippocampus. Hippocampus, 1998, vol. 8, issue 6, pp. 608-619. 26. Shtern V. Personalisticheskaya psikhologiya [Personal psychology]. Istoriya zarubezhnoy psikhologii (30-e – 60-e gg. XX v.) [History of Foreign Psychology (30s – 60s of XX Century)]. Moscow, 1986, pp. 186-198. (In Russian). 27. Vertgeymer M. Produktivnoe myshlenie [Effective Mind]. Moscow, 1987. (In Russian).

Received

2017-05-25

Section of issue

Psychology of development

Для корректной работы сайта используйте один из современных браузеров. Например, Firefox 55, Chrome 60 или более новые.