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Orthodox clergy at the right wing of social and political life at the end of 19th – the beginning of 20th centuries

Annotation

The development of orthodox clergy at the background of social and political life of the Russian Empire at the end of 19th the beginning of 20th centuries is considered. The attention is paid to the changes in social and political situation, when the Church in the person of clergy was in disadvantaged position under the influence of liberal reforms and the stress of emancipated society. Following the conservative position, supporting the political system, the clergy needed the discretion, but they were limited by the bureaucratic synodal system. It is marked that the inconsistency of conservative course of state policy caused complaints because of the increase of liberal ideas. These liberal ideas were different from traditionally stable model of social and state relations. The necessity of reformations, which could let ease the state supervision on the Church and form active parish community, which would be able to consolidate the society, was understood by the most of the representatives of orthodox clergy. At the same time, the process of parliamentarization of the society actualized the problem of elective origin of the Church. By the beginning of 20th century the crisis of bureaucratic system was reached, the clergy was very actively involved and they had to delay the decision of their own problems. Complemented by subjective opinion of the Emperor Nicholas II, the Church Council conduction was delayed.

Keywords

Tambov eparchy; Synod; conservative course; parish community; liberal opposition

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2017-22-6(170)-200-210

UDC

27-9+316.343.33+323.2

Pages

200-210

References

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Received

2017-06-22

Section of issue

National history

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