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Hermeneutic understanding of human being’s historicity

Annotation

The main characteristics of the principle of historicity, used in modern hermeneutics are revealed. The content of the concept of “historicity” in the theory of historical consciousness of W. Dilthey, who developed the version of hermeneutics as a methodology of the sciences of the spirit are revealed. W. Dilthey realized the inadequacy of psychological categories as the basis for understanding man and his life, and instead proposed the notion of historicity. Hermeneutic philosophy pays particular attention to the historical character of cognition of external reality and the life of the human being. Man is not just another of the many objects of the physical world, but a living subject that interprets the world in the context of historically inherited cultural meanings and interrelations. The contribution of M. Heidegger and H.-G. Gadamer to understanding the principle of historicity as an ontological characteristic of human existence is also discussed. This principle assumes an analysis of the mode of being of a person as being in time, and not subordinate to him, because both the experience of consciousness and the external empirical experience have a temporal structure.

Keywords

historicity; hermeneutics; temporality; life experience; understanding; interpretation; humanities; human being

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2018-23-1(171)-163-171

UDC

16:930

Pages

163-171

References

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Received

2017-09-14

Section of issue

Foreign countries’ history

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