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Development of child perfection in the domestic education system

Annotation

As a result of the implementation of the extensive approach in the USSR, a state system of special schools and specialized out-of-school institutions was created, which enabled most children and adolescents to realize their interests, develop their abilities, choose a profession, and many, achieve high results in various fields of professional activity. The modern period is characterized by the beginning of the implementation of an intensive approach: the state adopts policy documents that define a set of measures for working with gifted children in the country; studies are carried out, concepts and models for the development of children’s giftedness are developed, a system of competitive measures is in place to identify gifted children and provide them with support through scholarships and grants; at the initiative of the President of Russian and support of business structures in the regions of the country, a network of educational centers for working with gifted children are being created. Modern educational practice testifies to the integration of extensive and intensive technologies in working with gifted children, tested and proven effective in the Soviet and modern periods. Currently, the main condition for the creation of an effective system for the support of gifted children and talented youth is the formation of mechanisms for interaction between the state and business structures in order to unite the resources and potential of each partner.

Keywords

work with gifted children; Soviet and modern periods; domestic education system; extensive and intensive approaches; problem of identifying; teaching and supporting gifted children; program documents

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2018-23-1(171)-30-42

UDC

373.1

Pages

30-42

References

1. Ushakov D.V., Shepeleva E.A. Sistemy raboty s odarennoy molodezh'yu v Rossii i za rubezhom [Work systems with gifted youth in Russia and abroad]. Sibirskiy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal – Siberian Psychological Journal, 2014, no. 54, pp. 5-17. (In Russian). 2. Popov A.A., Glukhov P.P., Luppa G.M., Popova O.A. Kompetentnostnye praktiki raboty s odarennymi det'mi v ramkakh strategii razvitiya chelovecheskogo potentsiala [Competence practice of work with gifted children within the strategy of human potential development]. Materialy Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem «Odarennye deti: sistema podderzhki, soprovozhdeniya i monitoringa dal'neyshego razvitiya» [Proceedings of All-Russian Scientific-Practical Conference with International Participation “Gifted Children: System of Support, Accompaniment and Monitoring of Further Development”]. Moscow, 2015, pp. 16-27. (In Russian). 3. Zanaev S.Z. Osushchestvlenie politekhnicheskogo obrazovaniya v sovetskoy shkole [Actualization of political and technical education in the Soviet school]. Istoriya pedagogiki i obrazovaniya [History of Pedagogy and Education], 2016, no. 3, pp. 45-53. (In Russian). 4. Makarenko A.S. Metody vospitaniya [Methods of upbringing]. Pedagogika [Pedagogy], 2007, no. 8, pp. 16-27. (In Russian). 5. Razumovskiy V.G. Razvitie tekhnicheskogo tvorchestva uchashchikhsya [Development of Technical Creativity of Students]. Moscow, Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the RSFSR Publ., 1961. (In Russian). 6. Lebedev O.E. (ed.). Dopolnitel'noe obrazovanie dlya detey [Supplementary Education for Children]. Moscow, VLADOS Publ., 2000. (In Russian). 7. Kargina Z.A. Istoriya stanovleniya sistemy dopolnitel'nogo ob-razovaniya detey v Rossii: dva «zolotykh perioda» [History of becoming of supplementary education system in Russia: two “golden periods”]. Istoriko-pedagogicheskiy zhurnal [History and Pedagogy Journal], 2013, no. 1, pp. 89-101. (In Russian). 8. Ushakov D.V. Psikhologiya intellekta i odarennosti [Psychology of Intellect and Giftedness]. Moscow, Publishing House of Institute of Psychology RAS, 2011. (In Russian). 9. Chepurnykh E.E., Sinyagina N.Y., Kuznetsova I.V., Kalish I.V., Zaytseva N.V. Analiz effektivnosti realizatsii meropriyatiy podprogrammy «Odarennye deti» Federal'noy tselevoy programmy «Deti Rossii» (1998–2003 gg.) [Analysis of Efficiency of Events Realization of Subprogram “Gifted children” of Federal Targeted Program “Children of Russia” (1998–2003)]. Moscow, 2004. 10. Karpova S.I. Problema detskoy odarennosti na sovremennom etape razvitiya obrazovaniya [Problem of Children Giftedness at the Modern Stage of Education Development]. Odintsovo, Autonomic Noncommercial Educational Organization of Higher Professional Education «Odintsovskiy Gumanitarnyy Universitet» Publ., 2008. 11. Medvedev D. Mekhanizmy podderzhki odarennykh detey dolzhny stat' obshchenatsional'noy sistemoy [Mechanisms of gifted children support must become the nationwide system]. (In Russian). Available at: https://profiok.com/ about/news/detail.php?ID=3346 (accessed 15.05.2017).

Received

2017-08-15

Section of issue

Experience of organization of modern education

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