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The ways of increasing the efficiency of multi-year preparation of polyathlonist’s higher sport skills

Annotation

The success of the multi-year process of training and achieving high results in sport depends on a number of factors such as: duration of the constant physical activity; the continuity of the training sessions, the optimal age at which most favorably the skills involved are described, individual characteristics, moral and volitional qualities; traits of an athlete; the growth of sports qualification and skills; at what age to start a serious and meaningful sports and when to began special training to do this sport. In polyathlon age periods to achieve the highest results in the most stable state. The way of athletes from beginners to masters of sport and higher to last about 8–10 years on average. Depending on the individuality of polyathlon athlete, living conditions and training regimes, slight deviations are possible age areas. For example, if an athlete comes to the section of the polyathlon, and before that he was involved in another sport, like swimming, it will be much easier to learn and faster he will achieve better results than other newcomers. Also the individual approach is important. Gifted and talented student can show good results and most rapidly achieve mastery after the beginning of a serious and prolonged exercise. In the process of perfecting sports skill the intensity of training increases and training load becomes the maximum. Professional athletes of high qualification classes are held every day seven days a week for a few workouts a day. As travelers use the less busy days, where the predominant light cross, ski trip, cycling, shooting blanks. The polyathlon is one of the sports that involves diverse theoretical, psychological, physical and technical training, which depends on the results. The training process of polyathlon athlete is a greater intensity and volume of training, as well as huge mental stress, so it is necessary to alternate exercise and rest intelligently. A huge impact having the ability to switch from one activity to another when certain movements are replaced by others, different in its structure and technology is considered.

Keywords

polyathlon; speed-power qualities; training methods; exercises; training process

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2018-23-1(171)-61-67

UDC

796.9

Pages

61-67

References

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Received

2017-05-30

Section of issue

Theory and methods of physical training teaching

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