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Eastern culture traditions in development of experimentative directing technologies of the Russian theatre


The influence of traditional Eastern culture on the evolution of theater directing in Russia in the first decades of the 20th century is examined. Experience of theatrical productions and the creation of a new methodology (system) of actor’s training in the activities of K.S. Stanislavskiy, V.E. Meyerhold, A.Y. Tairov represents considerable interest to study the interpenetration of European aesthetics of dramatic art, in this case of Russian psychological theater, and the ancient cultures of China, Japan, and India. Different ways, experiments, and search of outstanding stage directors K.S. Stanislavskiy, V.E. Meyerhold, A.Y. Tairov new theatrical forms, the actor’s improvement of technologies that contributes to the creation on the Russian scene in the age of social cataclysms of the theatre of the future, are identified. The use of acting techniques and acting methods of the Eastern arts, the use of new expressive means determined the creation of a special theatrical language and enriched the culture of staged performances. Detailed analysis of experimental and artistically-raising activities of the Russian reformers of the scene revealed the powerful creative nature of domestic direction in the pursuit of synthesis of arts and creation the theatre of a new era.


Eastern traditions; Russian theatre; art; director; actor

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1. Zagorskiy M.B. (compiler). Gogol' i teatr [Gogol and Theatre]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1952, 586 p. (In Russian). 2. Meyerkhold V.E. Stat'i, pis'ma, rechi, besedy: v 2 ch. Ch. 2. (1917–1939) [Articles, Letters, Speeches, Conversations: in 2 parts. Part 2. (1917–1939)]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1968, 643 p. (In Russian). 3. Shakhmatova E.V. Traditsii vostochnogo teatra v estetike Meyerkholda [Eastern theatre traditions in Meyerkhold’s aesthetics]. Teatral'noe iskusstvo Vostoka. Osobennosti razvitiya [Eastern Theatrical Art. Development Specifics]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1984. (In Russian). 4. Khikmet N. Na sluzhbe revolyutsii [Serving the revolution]. Vstrechi s Meyerkhol'dom: sbornik vospominaniy [Meetings with Meyerkhold: a Collection of Memories]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1967, pp. 236-245. (In Russian). 5. Tairov A.Y. Zapiski rezhissera. Stat'i. Besedy. Rechi. Pis'ma [Director’s Notes. Articles, Conversations, Speeches, Letters]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1970, 604 p. (In Russian). 6. Markov P. O Tairove [About Tairov]. In: Tairov A.Y. Zapiski rezhissera. Stat'i. Besedy. Rechi. Pis'ma [Director’s Notes. Articles, Conversations, Speeches, Letters]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1970. (In Russian). 7. Serova S.A. Teatral'naya kul'tura Serebryanogo veka v Rossii i khudozhestvennye traditsii Vostoka (Kitay, Yaponiya, Indiya) [Theatrical Culture of the Silver Age in Russia and Eastern Artistic Traditions (China, Japan, India)]. Moscow, “Institute of Oriental Studies of RAS” Publ., 1999, 219 p. (In Russian). 8. Shakhmatova E.V. Iskaniya evropeyskoy rezhissury i traditsii Vostoka [Searchings of European Directors and Eastern Traditions]. Moscow, URSS Publ., 1997, 158 p. (In Russian). 9. Stroeva M.N. Rezhisserskie iskaniya K.S. Stanislavskogo: 1917–1938 [K.S. Stanislavskiy’s Searchings in Directing: 1917–1938]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1977, 413 p. (In Russian).



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Methods of social and cultural activity organization

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